Ursula Klingmüller

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MOTIVATION Mathematical description of biological reaction networks by differential equations leads to large models whose parameters are calibrated in order to optimally explain experimental data. Often only parts of the model can be observed directly. Given a model that sufficiently describes the measured data, it is important to infer how well model(More)
The binding of erythropoietin (EPO) to its receptor (EPO-R) activates the protein tyrosine kinase JAK2. The mechanism of JAK2 inactivation has been unclear. We show that the hematopoietic protein tyrosine phosphatase SH-PTP1 (also called HCP and PTP1C) associates via its SH2 domains with the tyrosine-phosphorylated EPO-R. In vitro binding studies suggest(More)
Cellular signal transduction is governed by multiple feedback mechanisms to elicit robust cellular decisions. The specific contributions of individual feedback regulators, however, remain unclear. Based on extensive time-resolved data sets in primary erythroid progenitor cells, we established a dynamic pathway model to dissect the roles of the two(More)
Dynamical models of cellular processes promise to yield new insights into the underlying systems and their biological interpretation. The processes are usually nonlinear, high dimensional, and time-resolved experimental data of the processes are sparse. Therefore, parameter estimation faces the challenges of structural and practical nonidentifiability.(More)
Aberrant accumulation of lipids in the liver ("fatty liver" or hepatic steatosis) represents a hallmark of the metabolic syndrome and is tightly associated with obesity, type II diabetes, starvation, or glucocorticoid (GC) therapy. While fatty liver has been connected with numerous abnormalities of liver function, the molecular mechanisms of fatty liver(More)
Oncoretroviral vectors have been successfully used in gene therapy trials, yet low transduction rates and loss of transgene expression are still major obstacles for their application. To overcome these problems we modified the widely used Moloney murine leukemia virus-derived retroviral vector pMX by replacing the 3'LTR with the spleen focus-forming virus(More)
Despite the critical contributions of cilia to embryonic development and human health, key regulators of cilia formation await identification. In this paper, a functional RNA interference-based screen linked 30 novel protein kinases with ciliogenesis. Of them, we have studied the role of the microtubule (MT)-associated protein/MT affinity regulating kinase(More)
Complex cellular networks regulate regeneration, detoxification and differentiation of hepatocytes. By combining experimental data with mathematical modelling, systems biology holds great promises to elucidate the key regulatory mechanisms involved and predict targets for efficient intervention. For the generation of high-quality quantitative data suitable(More)
Systemic iron homeostasis is mainly controlled by the liver through synthesis of the peptide hormone hepcidin (encoded by Hamp), the key regulator of duodenal iron absorption and macrophage iron release. Here we show that the liver-specific microRNA miR-122 is important for regulating Hamp mRNA expression and tissue iron levels. Efficient and specific(More)
Mutations in the KIT transmembrane protein-tyrosine kinase receptor affect erythropoiesis, resulting in fewer committed late progenitors (colony-forming unit erythroid, CFU-E) in the fetal liver. As the survival and proliferation of CFU-Es depend absolutely on erythropoietin (EPO), these results suggest that CFU-Es cannot proliferate or mature further(More)