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MOTIVATION Mathematical description of biological reaction networks by differential equations leads to large models whose parameters are calibrated in order to optimally explain experimental data. Often only parts of the model can be observed directly. Given a model that sufficiently describes the measured data, it is important to infer how well model(More)
Cellular signal transduction is governed by multiple feedback mechanisms to elicit robust cellular decisions. The specific contributions of individual feedback regulators, however, remain unclear. Based on extensive time-resolved data sets in primary erythroid progenitor cells, we established a dynamic pathway model to dissect the roles of the two(More)
During the past decades the components involved in cellular signal transduction from membrane receptors to gene activation in the nucleus have been studied in detail. Based on the qualitative biochemical knowledge, signalling pathways are drawn as static graphical schemes. However, the dynamics and control of information processing through signalling(More)
Systems biology is an approach to the analysis and prediction of the dynamic behaviour of biological networks through mathematical modelling based on experimental data. The current lack of reliable quantitative data, especially in the field of signal transduction, means that new methodologies in data acquisition and processing are needed. Here, we present(More)
The binding of erythropoietin (EPO) to its receptor (EPO-R) activates the protein tyrosine kinase JAK2. The mechanism of JAK2 inactivation has been unclear. We show that the hematopoietic protein tyrosine phosphatase SH-PTP1 (also called HCP and PTP1C) associates via its SH2 domains with the tyrosine-phosphorylated EPO-R. In vitro binding studies suggest(More)
Mutations in the KIT transmembrane protein-tyrosine kinase receptor affect erythropoiesis, resulting in fewer committed late progenitors (colony-forming unit erythroid, CFU-E) in the fetal liver. As the survival and proliferation of CFU-Es depend absolutely on erythropoietin (EPO), these results suggest that CFU-Es cannot proliferate or mature further(More)
Biological experiments are most often performed with immortalized cell lines because they are readily available and can be expanded without limitation. However, cell lines may differ from the in vivo situation in important aspects. Here we introduce a straightforward methodology to compare cell lines to their cognate primary cells and to derive a(More)
To obtain a systems-level understanding of a biological system, the authors conducted quantitative dynamic experiments from which the system structure and the parameters have to be deduced. Since biological systems have to cope with different environmental conditions, certain properties are often robust with respect to variations in some of the parameters.(More)
High-quality quantitative data generated under standardized conditions is critical for understanding dynamic cellular processes. We report strategies for error reduction, and algorithms for automated data processing and for establishing the widely used techniques of immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting as highly precise methods for the quantification of(More)
Cell surface receptors convert extracellular cues into receptor activation, thereby triggering intracellular signaling networks and controlling cellular decisions. A major unresolved issue is the identification of receptor properties that critically determine processing of ligand-encoded information. We show by mathematical modeling of quantitative data and(More)