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Oxygen radicals regulate many physiological processes, such as signaling, proliferation, and apoptosis, and thus play a pivotal role in pathophysiology and disease development. There are at least two thioredoxin reductase/thioredoxin/peroxiredoxin systems participating in the cellular defense against oxygen radicals. At present, relatively little is known(More)
The transcription factor recombination signal sequence-binding protein Jkappa (RBP-J) is a key downstream element in the signaling pathway of all four mammalian Notch receptors that are critically involved in the control of embryonic and adult development. RBP-J-deficient mice display complex defects and die around day 9.5 postcoitum. Here, we investigate(More)
Hemopoietic commitment is initiated by and depends on activation of transcription factors. However, it is unclear whether activation of lineage-affiliated transcription factors is extrinsically regulated by to date unknown agents or is the result of a cell autonomous program. Here we show that signaling by the Notch1 transmembrane receptor instructively(More)
Recombinants of amphotropic murine leukemia virus (A-MuLV) have found widespread use in retroviral vector systems due to their ability to efficiently and stably infect cells of several different species, including human. Previous work has shown that replication-competent recombinants containing the amphotropic env gene, encoding the major SU envelope(More)
OBJECTIVE The acquisition of arterial or venous identity is highlighted in vascular development. Previously, we have reported an embryonic stem (ES) cell differentiation system that exhibits early vascular development using vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor-2 (VEGFR2)-positive cells as common vascular progenitors. In this study, we(More)
Heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycans of bone marrow (BM) stromal cells and their extracellular matrix are important components of the microenvironment of hematopoietic tissues and are involved in the interaction of hematopoietic stem and stromal cells. Although previous studies have emphasized the role of HS proteoglycan synthesis by BM stromal cells, we have(More)
The expression of Notch receptors on hematopoietic cells and of cognate ligands on bone marrow stromal cells suggests a possible role for Notch signalling in the regulation of hematopoiesis. In order to assess the involvement of Notch1 signalling in myelopoiesis, 32D myeloid progenitor cell lines were engineered to permit the conditional induction of the(More)
Notch receptor signaling controls cell-fate specification, self-renewal, differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis throughout development and regeneration in all animal species studied to date. Its dysfunction causes several developmental defects and diseases in the adult. A key feature of Notch signaling is its remarkable cell-context dependency. In(More)
BACKGROUND Notch receptor signaling controls developmental cell fates in a cell-context dependent manner. Although Notch signaling directly regulates transcription via the RBP-J/CSL DNA binding protein, little is known about the target genes that are directly activated by Notch in the respective tissues. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To analyze how Notch(More)
Psychiatric co-morbidity is an important risk factor for chronification of primary headache into adulthood. The aim of this study was to investigate the extent and clinical relevance of emotional and behavioural problems in children and adolescents with primary headache. Children and adolescents (n = 128) with primary headache (International Headache(More)