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The small guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-binding proteins of the Rho family are implicated in various cell functions, including establishment and maintenance of cell polarity. Activity of Rho guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases) is not only regulated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors and GTPase-activating proteins but also by guanine nucleotide(More)
Little is known about the presence, frequency, and in vivo proliferative potential of stromal cells within blood-derived hematopoietic transplants. In this study, nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficiency (NOD/SCID) mice were injected with human CD34(+) peripheral blood cells (PBCs) or cord blood cells (CBCs, either enriched for CD34 or(More)
Signals of Notch transmembrane receptors function to regulate a wide variety of developmental cell fates. Here we investigate the role of Notch signaling in the development of mesodermal cell types by expressing a tamoxifen-inducible, activated form of Notch1 in embryonic stem cells (ESC). For differentiation of ESC into first mesodermal progenitor cells(More)
OBJECTIVE The acquisition of arterial or venous identity is highlighted in vascular development. Previously, we have reported an embryonic stem (ES) cell differentiation system that exhibits early vascular development using vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor-2 (VEGFR2)-positive cells as common vascular progenitors. In this study, we(More)
The aim of this study is to analyze the dynamics of the mouse cytomegalovirus (MCMV)-dendritic cell (DC) interaction. Immature and mature DCs derived from the mouse stem cell line factor-dependent cell Paterson mixed potential were infected with a recombinant MCMV expressing green fluorescent protein. Infection of immature DCs resulted in DC activation and(More)
BACKGROUND Notch receptor signaling controls developmental cell fates in a cell-context dependent manner. Although Notch signaling directly regulates transcription via the RBP-J/CSL DNA binding protein, little is known about the target genes that are directly activated by Notch in the respective tissues. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To analyze how Notch(More)
Multipotent murine stem cell lines (FDC-Pmix) depend on IL-3 for self-renewal and proliferation and can be induced to differentiate into multiple hematopoietic lineages. Single FDC-Pmix cells infected with retroviral vectors expressing GM-CSF are induced to differentiate into granulocytes and macrophages. This results in a complete loss of clonogenic cells(More)
Heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycans of bone marrow (BM) stromal cells and their extracellular matrix are important components of the microenvironment of hematopoietic tissues and are involved in the interaction of hematopoietic stem and stromal cells. Although previous studies have emphasized the role of HS proteoglycan synthesis by BM stromal cells, we have(More)
Retroviral transfer of the multidrug-resistance 1 (mdr1) cDNA into primary human hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) of cancer patients undergoing high-dose chemotherapy has been proposed to protect the bone marrow from the dose-limiting cytotoxicity of cytostatic agents. Preclinical studies performed with vectors derived from the Moloney murine leukemia(More)
Overview: In driving hES cell technology towards widespread applications considerable effort has been focused on the improvement of culture conditions and on enabling efficient differentiation. We have established two technologies which will better enable researchers to achieve these aims. The use of feeder based protocols for the creation, expansion and(More)