Ursula Günthert

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Using a monoclonal antibody (MAb1.1ASML) raised against a surface glycoprotein of the metastasizing rat pancreatic carcinoma cell line BSp73ASML, cDNA clones have been isolated that encode glycoproteins with partial homology to CD44, a presumed adhesion molecule. In one of the clones, pMeta-1, the epitope marks an additional extracellular domain of 162(More)
Plakoglobin (gamma-catenin), a member of the armadillo family of proteins, is a constituent of the cytoplasmic plaque of desmosomes as well as of other adhering cell junctions, and is involved in anchorage of cytoskeletal filaments to specific cadherins. We have generated a null mutation of the plakoglobin gene in mice. Homozygous -/- mutant animals die(More)
CD44, the major cell surface receptor for hyaluronic acid (HA), was shown to localize to detergent-resistant cholesterol-rich microdomains, called lipid rafts, in fibroblasts and blood cells. Here, we have investigated the molecular environment of CD44 within the plane of the basolateral membrane of polarized mammary epithelial cells. We show that CD44(More)
CD44 is a ubiquitous surface molecule that exists as a number of isoforms, generated by alternative splicing of 10 "variant" exons. Little is known about the expression and function of the variant isoforms, except that certain isoforms may play a role in cancer metastasis. We produced mAbs against CD44 variant regions encoded by exons 4v, 6v, and 9v, by(More)
One of several splice variants of CD44 expressed in metastasizing cell lines of rat tumors has been shown to confer metastatic potential to the non-metastatic variant of a rat pancreatic carcinoma line (U. Günthert et al., Cell, 65: 13-24, 1991). The variant-specific rat CD44 sequences were used to detect RNA expression in human cell lines: in carcinoma(More)
The content of 5-methylcytosine (5MC) and 6-methyladenine (6MA) in modified and nonmodified DNAs from B. subtilis and B. subtilis phage SPP1 were determined. Nonmodified SPP1 · O DNA contains about 15 5MC residues/molecule. Each modified SPP1 ·R DNA molecule carries 190 modification specific methyl groups. This number is sufficient to account for(More)
CD44 is a ubiquitous cell-surface glycoprotein that displays many variant isoforms (CD44v) generated by alternative splicing of exons 2v to 10v. The expression of variant isoforms is highly restricted and correlated with specific processes, such as leukocyte activation and malignant transformation. We have herein studied CD44v expression in acute myeloid(More)
There is growing evidence that one of the central common characteristics of tumor and inflammatory cells is their resistance to programmed cell death. This feature results in the accumulation of harmful cells, which are mostly refractory to Fas (FAS, APO-1)-mediated apoptosis. A molecule found on these cells is the transmembrane receptor CD44 with its(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a glycosylated, secreted phosphoprotein that functions both as a cell attachment and chemotactic factor. Elevated expression of OPN confers enhanced metastatic ability on transformed cells, suggesting that OPN may contribute to the malignant progression of tumors. Migration of mammary carcinoma cells is stimulated by OPN via(More)
AIMS To assess systematically the membranous expression of CD44v6 in colorectal cancer by immunohistochemistry to determine its prognostic impact, the differential expression between primary and metastatic tumours and expression differences between the tumour centre and invasive front. METHODS AND RESULTS Immunohistochemistry was performed for CD44v6 on(More)