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The crystal structures of the human androgen receptor (hAR) and human progesterone receptor ligand-binding domains in complex with the same ligand metribolone (R1881) have been determined. Both three-dimensional structures show the typical nuclear receptor fold. The change of two residues in the ligand-binding pocket between the human progesterone receptor(More)
The longest part of the sperm flagellum, the principal piece, contains the fibrous sheath, a cytoskeletal element unique to spermiogenesis. We performed mass spectrometry proteomics on isolated human fibrous sheaths identifying a unique ADP/ATP carrier protein, SFEC [AAC4], seven glycolytic enzymes previously unreported in the human sperm fibrous sheath,(More)
BACKGROUND With long and costly drug development times there is a need in the pharmaceutical industry to prioritize targets early in the drug discovery process. One of the possible criteria is 'protein drugability', a term with multiple understandings in the literature. Among others, it is the likelihood of finding a selective, low-molecular weight molecule(More)
In order to minimise attrition rates in drug development projects, a target discovery process is implemented to select and characterise the most suitable candidate kinase targets, before lead identification and lead optimisation are embarked upon. The process consists of 1) target selection, 2) target assessment, and 3) target validation. This rational(More)
On the basis of the recently determined crystal structures of the ligand binding domains (LBDs) of the retinoic acid nuclear receptors (NRs), we present a three-dimensional (3D) molecular model of the human estrogen receptor alpha (hERalpha) LBD. A literature search for mutants affecting the binding properties has been performed; 45 out of 48 published(More)
The crystal structure of a mutant androgen receptor (AR) ligand-binding domain (LBD) in complex with the agonist 9alpha-fluorocortisol has been determined at 1.95 A resolution. This mutant AR contains two mutations (L701H and T877A) and was previously reported as a high-affinity cortisol/cortisone responsive AR (AR(ccr)) isolated from the(More)
As a key regulator of mitosis, the Ser/Thr protein polo-like kinase-1 (Plk-1) is a well validated drug target in cancer therapy. In order to enable structure-guided drug design, determination of the crystal structure of the kinase domain of Plk-1 was attempted. Using a multi-parallel cloning and expression approach, a set of length variants were identified(More)
Analysis of 13 high-resolution protein X-ray crystal structures shows that 1204 (24%) of all the 4974 hydrogen bonds are of the bifurcated three-center type with the donor X-H opposing two acceptors A1, A2. They occur systematically in alpha-helices where 90% of the hydrogen bonds are of this type; the major component is (n + 4)N-H ... O = C(n) as expected(More)
The Ser/Thr protein kinase MAPKAP kinase 2 (MK2) plays a crucial role in inflammation. We determined the structure of the kinase domain of MK2 in complex with a low molecular mass inhibitor in two different crystal forms, obtained from soaking and co-crystallization. To our knowledge, these are the first structures of MK2 showing the binding mode of an(More)
The aim of this study is to compare crystal structures of nuclear receptor ligand binding domains in complex with different agonists and partial agonists to achieve a better understanding of the three-dimensional structures and their ligand-induced conformational changes. This led to the identification of structurally conserved "rigid" regions and more(More)