Ursula Butler

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OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of a range of early childhood factors on the risk for daytime wetting and soiling. METHODS This is a longitudinal study based on a UK population of over 10,000 children from age 4 to 9 years. Parents completed questionnaires on child development (at 18 months); child temperament (24 months); maternal depression/anxiety (21(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigates the association between age at initiation of toilet training and development of daytime bladder control. The main aim is to examine whether initiation of toilet training after 24 months is associated with increased odds of daytime wetting in school-age children. METHOD The study is based on more than 8000 children, aged(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to examine differences in intellectual capacities between children with and without soiling, daytime wetting, and bed-wetting. METHODS This study was based on a population of >6000 children (age range: 7 years 6 months to 9 years 3 months; median: 7 years 6 months) from the United Kingdom-based Avon Longitudinal(More)
OBJECTIVES Previous studies, based on clinic samples, report that childhood soiling is associated with behavior problems and reduced self-esteem. This population-based study investigates the prevalence of psychological problems associated with childhood soiling. METHODS A total of 8242 children aged 7-8 years born to mothers in the United Kingdom-based(More)
A different and more in-depth approach is needed when treating an athlete suffering from low back pain than is the case when the same pathology affects a sedentary subject. In fact, pain symptoms may frequently arise only when there is functional overloading, while pain is absent or not disabling in normal daily activity. Treatment is also different for the(More)
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