Urs V. Berger

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Metal ions are essential cofactors for a wealth of biological processes, including oxidative phosphorylation, gene regulation and free-radical homeostasis. Failure to maintain appropriate levels of metal ions in humans is a feature of hereditary haemochromatosis, disorders of metal-ion deficiency, and certain neurodegenerative diseases. Despite their(More)
Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) is essential for many enzymatic reactions, in which it serves to maintain prosthetic metal ions in their reduced forms (for example, Fe2+, Cu+), and for scavenging free radicals in order to protect tissues from oxidative damage. The facilitative sugar transporters of the GLUT type can transport the oxidized form of the vitamin,(More)
Over 90% of Rett syndrome (RTT) cases have a mutation in the X-linked gene encoding methyl CpG binding-protein 2 (MeCP2). A mouse model that reprises clinical manifestations of the disease would be valuable for examining disease mechanisms. Here, we characterize physical and behavioral measures, as well as brain region volumes in young adult mice that have(More)
In all living cells, coordination of solute and water movement across cell membranes is of critical importance for osmotic balance. The current concept is that these processes are of distinct biophysical nature. Here we report the expression cloning of a liver cDNA encoding a unique promiscuous solute channel (AQP9) that confers high permeability for both(More)
Calcium is a major component of the mineral phase of bone and serves as a key intracellular second messenger. Postnatally, all bodily calcium must be absorbed from the diet through the intestine. Here we report the properties of a calcium transport protein (CaT1) cloned from rat duodenum using an expression cloning strategy in Xenopus laevis oocytes, which(More)
GLT1 is the major glutamate transporter of the brain and has been thought to be expressed exclusively in astrocytes. Although excitatory axon terminals take up glutamate, the transporter responsible has not been identified. GLT1 is expressed in at least two forms varying in the C termini, GLT1a and GLT1b. GLT1 mRNA has been demonstrated in neurons, without(More)
 This study compares the mRNA expression pattern for the three glutamate transporters EAAC1, GLT1 and GLAST in rat brain, using a sensitive non-radioactive in situ hybridization technique. The results confirm the predominantly neuronal localization of EAAC1 mRNA, the astroglial and ependymal localization of GLAST mRNA and the astroglial and neuronal(More)
The two iron regulatory proteins IRP1 and IRP2 bind to transcripts of ferritin, transferrin receptor and other target genes to control the expression of iron metabolism proteins at the post-transcriptional level. Here we compare the effects of genetic ablation of IRP1 to IRP2 in mice. IRP1-/- mice misregulate iron metabolism only in the kidney and brown(More)
We have recently cloned the renal electrogenic Na(+)-bicarbonate contransporter of the salamander Ambystoma tigrinum (aNBC) (M. F. Romero, M. A. Hediger, E. L. Boulpaep, and W. F. Boron. FASEB J. 10: 89, 1996; and Nature 387: 409-413, 1997). Here we report the cloning of a mammalian homolog of aNBC, named rNBC for rat Na(+)-bicarbonate cotransporter. NBC(More)
The cytotoxic effects of amphetamine derivatives were studied by immunocytochemistry to identify the cellular compartments affected by these drugs, to obtain morphologic evidence of neuronal degeneration, and to assess the potential for regeneration. The substituted amphetamines, MDA, MDMA, PCA, and fenfluramine, all release serotonin and cause acute(More)