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Lectin affinity chromatography combined with mAb production was used to identify chick neural cell surface molecules related to L1 antigen, a mouse neural glycoprotein implicated in cell-cell adhesion (Rathjen, F. G., and M. Schachner, 1984, EMBO (Eur. Mol. Biol. Organ.) J., 3:1-10). A glycoprotein, G4 antigen, isolated by mAb G4 from adult chick brain is(More)
Transplantation studies have been used to show that tangential migration of olfactory bulb interneuron precursors is retarded in NCAM-mutant mice, and that this defect reflects loss of NCAM polysialic acid (PSA). In contrast, radial migration of cells within the bulb did not require PSA. Reciprocal transplantations between wild-type and mutant mice have(More)
Polysialic acid (PSA) is a cell-surface glycan with an enormous hydrated volume that serves to modulate the distance between cells. This regulation has direct effects on several cellular mechanisms that underlie the formation of the vertebrate nervous system, most conspicuously in the migration and differentiation of progenitor cells and the growth and(More)
The influence of polysialic acid (PSA) on the neural cell adhesion molecule on motoneuron outgrowth and pathway formation was investigated by determining its temporal and spatial pattern of expression and by the effect that its removal had on motoneuron projection patterns. Motoneurons first expressed PSA as their growth cones began to segregate into(More)
N-CAM is abundantly expressed in the nervous system in the form of numerous structural variants with characteristic distribution patterns and functional properties. N-CAM-180, the variant having the largest cytoplasmic domain, is expressed by all neurons. The N-CAM-180-specific exon 18 has been deleted to generate homozygous mice unable to express this(More)
Antibodies against the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) were used in vivo both to localize NCAM antigenic determinants in developing tissues of the chicken visual system and to perturb cell-cell adhesion during growth of optic fibers to the tectum. The immunohistochemical studies revealed a staining pattern on neuroepithelial cells which coincided with(More)
Oligodendrocytes, the myelinating cells of the vertebrate CNS, originally develop from cells of the neuroepithelium. Recent studies suggest that spinal cord oligodendrocyte precursors are initially localized in the region of the ventral ventricular zone and subsequently disperse throughout the spinal cord. The characteristics of these early oligodendrocyte(More)
The aggregation of cells from dissociated neural retinas of chick embryos can be inhibited by antibodies prepared against whole retinal cells. In order to identify the antigens involved, substances released by retinal tissues in culture were tested for their ability to neutralize specifically the inhibition by antibody of cell adhesion. Using this assay,(More)
A neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM) was purified in milligram quantities from detergent extracts of embryonic chick brain membranes. N-CAM has an unusual carbohydrate content and structure, is polydisperse in solution, and is associated with proteolytic activity leading to its spontaneous cleavage. The carbohydrate composition of N-CAM includes 13 mol(More)