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OBJECTIVE Accurate information about preferred suicide methods is important for devising strategies and programmes for suicide prevention. Our knowledge of the methods used and their variation across countries and world regions is still limited. The aim of this study was to provide the first comprehensive overview of international patterns of suicide(More)
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may increase cardiovascular risk but the psychophysiological mechanisms involved are elusive. We hypothesized that proinflammatory activity is elevated in patients with PTSD as diagnosed by the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) interview. Plasma levels of proinflammatory C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite being recognized as an important prognostic factor for the outcome in gender identity disorder (GID), psychiatric comorbidity has rarely been assessed by means of standardized diagnostic instruments. The aim of this study was to assess current and lifetime psychiatric comorbidity in patients with GID. METHODS A cross-sectional sample of(More)
Addressing the lack of self-report tools for acute stress disorder assessment, the authors aimed at translating and evaluating the Acute Stress Disorder Scale (ASDS) into German. The scale was applied to parents of children following cardiopulmonary bypass surgery (n = 61), and to patients with an acute cardiac event (n = 52) within one month of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess grief and post-traumatic growth in parents 2-6 years after the death of a premature baby (24-26 weeks' gestation) and to evaluate Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self-Measure (PRISM) in the assessment of bereavement. METHOD Fifty-four parents were assessed for their experiences during hospitalization and by questionnaires(More)
BACKGROUND Research on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) relies mainly on self-reports of exposure to trauma and its consequences. AIMS To analyse the consistency of the reporting of potentially traumatic events (PTEs) over time. METHOD A community-based cohort, representative of the canton of Zurich, Switzerland, was interviewed at the ages of(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to analyze changes of coping strategies in severely injured accident victims over time and to compare patients with high and low posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom levels with regard to their coping patterns and accident-related cognitions. METHODS 106 consecutive patients with severe accidental injuries(More)
We examined the change in Swiss suicide rates since 1969, breaking down the rates according to the method used. The descriptive analyses of the main suicide methods are presented. The suicide rates reached a peak in the late 1970s/early 1980s and declined in more recent years. Firearm suicides and suicides by falls were the exception and sustained their(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to assess the frequency of co-morbid post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD) in women with eating disorders (ED). METHOD 277 women aged 17 to 50 with a current DSM-IV ED were included. 84 were diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN), 152 with bulimia nervosa (BN) and 41 with ED not otherwise specified (EDNOS). Structured(More)
BACKGROUND Cinacalcet rapidly normalizes serum calcium and reduces intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in renal transplant patients with hypercalcaemia and persistent hyperparathyroidism. The aim of this study is to evaluate the 6 months efficacy of cinacalcet and the effect of cinacalcet withdrawal on serum calcium and PTH in such patients.(More)