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We have investigated by immunocytochemistry the spatial and temporal distribution of cellular retinoic acid-binding protein (CRABP) in the developing nervous system of the chick embryo in order to answer two specific questions: do neural crest cells contain CRABP and where and when do CRABP-positive neuroblasts first arise in the neural tube? With regard to(More)
Dilated cardiomyopathy, resulting from myocarditis, is the most common cause of heart failure in young patients. We here show that interleukin (IL)-1 receptor type 1-deficient (IL-1R1(-/-)) mice are protected from development of autoimmune myocarditis after immunization with alpha-myosin-peptide(614-629). CD4(+) T cells from immunized IL-1R1(-/-) mice(More)
This study investigates the migration patterns of cranial neural crest cells in retinoic acid (RA)-treated rat embryos using DiI labeling. Wistar-Imamichi rat embryos were treated at the early (9.0 days post coitum, d.p.c.) and late (9.5 d.p.c.) neural plate stages with all-trans RA (2 x 10(-7) M) for 6 hours and further cultured in an RA-free medium. RA(More)
We describe here the distribution of cellular retinoic acid-binding protein I (CRABP I) in the head of the early mouse embryo from day 8 to day 13 of gestation, using both in situ hybridisation to localise mRNA and immunocytochemistry to localise protein. The distribution of mRNA and protein was found to be identical. CRABP I first appeared in part of the(More)
Retinoic acid, the active metabolite of retinoids (vitamin A compounds), is thought to act as a gene regulator via ligand-activated transcription factors. In order to investigate possible roles of retinoids and retinoid-controlled gene expression in brain function, we have used immunohistochemistry to localize the possible presence of two intracellular(More)
In vitro studies suggest a role for c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) in proatherogenic cellular processes. We show that atherosclerosis-prone ApoE-/- mice simultaneously lacking JNK2 (ApoE-/- JNK2-/- mice), but not ApoE-/- JNK1-/- mice, developed less atherosclerosis than do ApoE-/- mice. Pharmacological inhibition of JNK activity efficiently reduced plaque(More)
AIMS Supernatants of serum-free cultured mononuclear cells (MNC) contain a mix of immunomodulating factors (secretome), which have been shown to attenuate detrimental inflammatory responses following myocardial ischaemia. Inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy (iDCM) is a common cause of heart failure in young patients. Experimental autoimmune myocarditis(More)
There is increasing evidence that retinoic acid (RA), a vitamin A metabolite, plays a role in the development of the nervous system. Here we specifically test this notion by examining the effect of RA on neurite outgrowth from explanted segments of the axolotl spinal cord. We show that there is a threshold concentration in the region of 0.1-1 nM above which(More)
Experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) appears after infectious heart disease, the most common cause of dilated cardiomyopathy in humans. Here we report that mice lacking T-bet, a T-box transcription factor required for T helper (Th)1 cell differentiation and interferon (IFN)-gamma production, develop severe autoimmune heart disease compared to T-bet+/+(More)