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Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) we have evaluated the anatomical location of the motor hand area. The segment of the precentral gyrus that most often contained motor hand function was a knob-like structure, that is shaped like an omega or epsilon in the axial plane and like a hook in the sagittal plane. On the cortical surface of cadaver(More)
In 61 patients (38 adults and 23 children) with surgically treatable tumors of the posterior fossa and obstructive hydrocephalus the following treatment for hydrocephalus was employed: a high dose of steroids was given after diagnosis; a frontal ventricular catheter with a subcutaneous fluid reservoir (Rickham) was inserted within 2 to 5 days; a temporary(More)
PURPOSE To localize the cortical motor hand area with functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and electrical stimulation at surgery and to detect changes due to central lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fast-gradient-echo and functional MR images of the brain were acquired in four healthy volunteers and six patients with tumors in the central region(More)
A comprehensive technique was developed for continuous electrophysiological monitoring of intrinsic brain stem motor function during surgery to remove space-occupying lesions in the fourth ventricle and brain stem. The technique is analogous to that used during surgery in the cerebellopontine angle; motor nuclei and peripheral pontine fiber tracts of(More)
In 50 patients lesions located in or adjacent to the motor strip were microsurgically removed with the help of intra-operative electrophysiological mapping of the sensorimotor cortex. Mapping consisted of cortical stimulation and/or recording of somatosensory evoked potentials. Depending on the patient's pre-operative neurological status, surprisingly good(More)
Transcranial stimulation offers the opportunity to replace a standard clinical method of invasive brain cortical mapping. A figure '8' magnetic coil with a 1-3-cm area of stimulation is combined with a new method of creating magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans which represent the cortical surface (mapping cuts) and thus establishing common landmarks(More)
OBJECT The trigeminal nerve conducts both sensory and motor impulses. Separate superior and inferior motor roots typically emerge from the pons just anterosuperomedial to the entry point of the sensory root, but to date these two motor roots have not been adequately displayed on magnetic resonance (MR) images. The specific aims of this study, therefore,(More)
A refined technique is described for non invasive examination of the facial motor pathways by stimulation of the extra- and intracranial segment of the facial nerve and the facial motor cortex. Surface recordings from the nasalis muscle rather than from the orbicularis oris muscle were used, since the compound muscle action potential (CMAP) from this muscle(More)
Deficiencies of acetabular bone stock at revision hip replacement were reconstructed with two different types of allograft using impaction bone grafting and a Burch-Schneider reinforcement ring. We compared a standard frozen non-irradiated bone bank allograft (group A) with a freeze-dried irradiated bone allograft, vitalised with autologous marrow (group(More)
Cervical motor roots and the brachial plexus were excited transcutaneously with magnetic (MagStim) and electrical stimulation (ElStim) applied dorsally over the spine and over the supraclavicular fossa (Erb's point). The compound muscle action potentials (CMAPs) from the abductor digiti minimi (ADM) and the biceps muscles (BICEPS) could be evoked with(More)