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The application of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) typing methods for the potential identification of unknown human remains was investigated. DNA was isolated from compact bone tissue from badly decomposed bodies and from known and unknown human remains, using a decalcification and ion wash procedure. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of(More)
In a worldwide collaborative effort, 19,630 Y-chromosomes were sampled from 129 different populations in 51 countries. These chromosomes were typed for 23 short-tandem repeat (STR) loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385ab, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, GATAH4, DYS481, DYS533, DYS549, DYS570, DYS576,(More)
Allele and genotype frequencies for 3 tetrameric short tandem repeat loci were determined in a Swiss population sample (n = 100) using the GenePrint STR Multiplex System, electrophoresis of the PCR products in DNA sequencing gels and subsequent detection of allelic fragments by silver staining. The loci are HUMTH01, TPOX, and CSFIPO. The observed(More)
Allele and genotype frequencies for 3 tetrameric short tandem repeat loci VWA, HUMTHO1, and F13A1 were determined in a Swiss population sample using multiplex PCR and subsequent electrophoresis in DNA sequencing gels processed by automated laser fluorescence detection. The technique allows single base pair resolution and rapid typing, with a concomitant(More)
Limited genetic marker information can be obtained from saliva by typing by conventional serological means. Thus, the application of PCR-based DNA typing methods was investigated as a potential approach for typing genetic markers in saliva. DNA was isolated from 200 cigarettes smoked by 10 different individuals (20 cigarettes per individual) and from 3(More)
Prostate specific antigen (PSA, also known as p30), a glycoprotein produced by the prostatic gland and secreted into seminal plasma, is a marker used for demonstrating the presence of seminal fluid. Methods for the detection of PSA include Ouchterlony double diffusion, crossover electrophoresis, rocket immuno-electrophoresis, radial immunodiffusion, and(More)
Allele and genotype frequencies for seven polymerase chain reaction-based DNA genetic markers were determined in a Swiss sample population. The loci are D1S80, HLA-DQ alpha, low density lipoprotein receptor, glycophorin A, hemoglobin G gammaglobin, D7S8, and group-specific component. All loci meet Hardy-Weinberg expectations. In addition, there is no(More)
Allele and genotype frequencies for the 13 core STR loci (D3S1358, VWA, FGA, D8S1179, D21S11, D18S51, D5S818, D13S317, D7S820, THO1, TPOX, CSF1PO, and D16S539) were determined in a Swiss Caucasian population sample (n = 206) using two commercially available multiplex PCR kits (AmpFISTR Profiler Plus and AmpFISTR Cofiler) and subsequent electrophoresis on an(More)
Allele and genotype frequencies for the ten STR loci D3S1358, VWA, D16S539, D2S1338, D8S1179, D21S11, D18S51, D19S433, TH01, FGA were determined in a Swiss Caucasian population sample (n=206) using the AmpFISTR SGM Plus Amplification kit. Electrophoresis was carried out on an ABI PRISM CE 310 Genetic Analyzer instrument. Previously, allele frequencies were(More)