Urmila Kulkarni-Kale

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CEP server (http://bioinfo.ernet.in/cep.htm) provides a web interface to the conformational epitope prediction algorithm developed in-house. The algorithm, apart from predicting conformational epitopes, also predicts antigenic determinants and sequential epitopes. The epitopes are predicted using 3D structure data of protein antigens, which can be(More)
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus, is an important human pathogen. The envelope glycoprotein (Egp), a major structural antigen, is responsible for viral haemagglutination and eliciting neutralising antibodies. The three-dimensional structure of the Egp of JEV was predicted using the knowledge-based homology modeling approach and(More)
Crystal structure data of globular proteins were used to prepare (phi, psi) probability maps of 20 proteinous amino acids. These maps were compared grid-wise with each other and a conformational similarity index was calculated for each pair of amino acids. A weight matrix, called Conformational Similarity Weight (CSW) matrix, was prepared using the(More)
VirGen is a comprehensive viral genome resource that organizes the 'sequence space' of viral genomes in a structured fashion. It has been developed with the objective of serving as an annotated and curated database comprising complete genome sequences of viruses, value-added derived data and data mining tools. The current release (v1.1) contains 559(More)
Cellular mRNAs are predominantly translated in a cap-dependent manner. However, some viral and a subset of cellular mRNAs initiate their translation in a cap-independent manner. This requires presence of a structured RNA element, known as, Internal Ribosome Entry Site (IRES) in their 5' untranslated regions (UTRs). Experimental demonstration of IRES in UTR(More)
The data deluge in post-genomic era demands development of novel data mining tools. Existing molecular phylogeny analyses (MPAs) developed for individual gene/protein sequences are alignment-based. However, the size of genomic data and uncertainties associated with alignments, necessitate development of alignment-free methods for MPA. Derivation of(More)
Rhinoviruses, formerly known as Human rhinoviruses, are the most common cause of air-borne upper respiratory tract infections in humans. Rhinoviruses belong to the family Picornaviridae and are divided into three species namely, Rhinovirus A, -B and -C, which are antigenically diverse. Genetic recombination is found to be one of the important causes for(More)
Polyclonal or monoclonal human IgM rheumatoid factors (RF) react with eight antigenic sites on the CH3 IgG domain, four sites on CH2 and two on human beta 2-microglobulin. All 14 of these RF-reactive epitopes are linear 7-11 amino acid peptides with different primary sequence. We questioned whether RF reactivity with such a variety of epitopes showing no(More)
Resistance to azole antifungals is a significant problem in Candida albicans. An understanding of resistance at molecular level is essential for the development of strategies to tackle resistance and rationale design of newer antifungals and target-based molecular approaches. This study presents the first evaluation of molecular mechanisms associated with(More)
Mumps is an acute infectious disease caused by mumps virus, a member of the family Paramyxoviridae. With the implementation of vaccination programs, mumps infection is under control. However, due to resurgence of mumps epidemics, there is a renewed interest in understanding the antigenic diversity of mumps virus. Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) is the(More)