Urmil Tuteja

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India experienced two plague outbreaks in Gujarat and Maharastra during 1994 and then in the Shimla district of Himachal Pradesh during 2002. Yersinia pestis strains recovered from rodents and pneumonic patients during the 1994 outbreaks, pneumonic patients from the 2002 Shimla outbreak and rodents trapped on the Deccan Plateau during a surveillance(More)
Development of a single diagnostic test for brucellosis in animals is the top priority of present-day research in the field. There is currently a battery of serological tests relying mainly on the use of LPS (lipopolysaccharide) as an antigen, culminating in false positives due to serological cross-reactivity. Other problems include difficulties in antigen(More)
Fraction 1 antigen of Yersinia pestis is a capsule protein of 17.5kDa, known to induce thymocyte proliferation and have anti-phagocytic role in macrophages. It serves as a major protective antigen against challenge of Y. pestis by inducing high concentration of IgG1 antibody response. In the present investigation it is observed that 10microg/ml of rF1(More)
A simple protective antigen (PA)-reactive mAb dot-ELISA was standardized for confirmation of toxin-producing strains of Bacillus anthracis. Twenty-seven clinical isolates were collected from patients clinically suspected of having anthrax. PA was elaborated from these isolates using Casamino acids medium and the culture medium was boiled to kill the cells.(More)
Immuno capture PCR (IPCR) is a technique capable of detecting the pathogens with high specificity and sensitivity. Rapid and accurate detection of Bacillus anthracis was achieved using anti-EA1 antibodies to capture the cells and two primer sets targeting the virulence factors of the pathogen i.e., protective antigen (pag) and capsule (cap) in an IPCR(More)
A qualitative syber green real-time PCR with primers designed for a truncated portion of the 56kDa major outer membrane antigen gene of Orientia tsutsugamushi was used to diagnose scrub typhus from the blood or serum of suspected patients. Sixty-six blood and/or sera samples from fever cases, either with high index of suspicion for scrub typhus and/or(More)
We report the first draft genome sequences of the strains of plague-causing bacteria, Yersinia pestis, from India. These include two strains from the Surat epidemic (1994), one strain from the Shimla outbreak (2002) and one strain from the plague surveillance activity in the Deccan plateau region (1998). Genome size for all four strains is ~4.49 million bp(More)
The Fraction 1 (F1) antigen of Yersinia pestis is known to induce thymocyte proliferation. It serves as a major protective antigen against challenge of Y. pestis. Recently, we reported rF1-induced activation of macrophages. Current investigation elucidates the role of p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK)-mediated signal transduction in murine(More)
Plague is one of the most dangerous infections in humans caused by Yersinia pestis, a Gram-negative bacterium. Despite of an overwhelming research success, no ideal vaccine against plague is available yet. It is well established that F1/LcrV based vaccine requires a strong cellular immune response for complete protection against plague. In our earlier(More)
The interaction between macrophages and bacterial pathogens is crucial in the pathogenesis of infectious diseases. The 70 kb plasmid encodes low calcium response V (LcrV) or V antigen and a group of highly conserved yersinia outer proteins (Yops) are essential for full virulence. In present study, we investigated the effect of rLcrV and rYopB on macrophage(More)