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Fraction 1 antigen of Yersinia pestis is a capsule protein of 17.5kDa, known to induce thymocyte proliferation and have anti-phagocytic role in macrophages. It serves as a major protective antigen against challenge of Y. pestis by inducing high concentration of IgG1 antibody response. In the present investigation it is observed that 10microg/ml of rF1(More)
Immuno capture PCR (IPCR) is a technique capable of detecting the pathogens with high specificity and sensitivity. Rapid and accurate detection of Bacillus anthracis was achieved using anti-EA1 antibodies to capture the cells and two primer sets targeting the virulence factors of the pathogen i.e., protective antigen (pag) and capsule (cap) in an IPCR(More)
The Fraction 1 (F1) antigen of Yersinia pestis is known to induce thymocyte proliferation. It serves as a major protective antigen against challenge of Y. pestis. Recently, we reported rF1-induced activation of macrophages. Current investigation elucidates the role of p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK)-mediated signal transduction in murine(More)
Development of a single diagnostic test for brucellosis in animals is the top priority of present-day research in the field. There is currently a battery of serological tests relying mainly on the use of LPS (lipopolysaccharide) as an antigen, culminating in false positives due to serological cross-reactivity. Other problems include difficulties in antigen(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Bacillus anthracis, Yersinia pestis, Burkholderia pseudomallei and Brucella species are potential biowarfare agents. Classical bacteriological methods for their identification are cumbersome, time consuming and of potential risk to the handler. METHODS We describe a sensitive and specific multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mPCR)(More)
A simple protective antigen (PA)-reactive mAb dot-ELISA was standardized for confirmation of toxin-producing strains of Bacillus anthracis. Twenty-seven clinical isolates were collected from patients clinically suspected of having anthrax. PA was elaborated from these isolates using Casamino acids medium and the culture medium was boiled to kill the cells.(More)
India experienced two plague outbreaks in Gujarat and Maharastra during 1994 and then in the Shimla district of Himachal Pradesh during 2002. Yersinia pestis strains recovered from rodents and pneumonic patients during the 1994 outbreaks, pneumonic patients from the 2002 Shimla outbreak and rodents trapped on the Deccan Plateau during a surveillance(More)
The need for a rapid detection and characterization of biowarfare (BW) agents cannot be over emphasized. With diverse array of potential BW pathogen available presently, rapid identification of the pathogen is crucial, so that specific therapy and control measures can be initiated. We have developed a multiplex polymerase chain reaction based reverse line(More)
Antibody based assays are very important for early and accurate detection of Bacillus anthracis in different sample matrices to initiate effective response and control strategies during biological emergencies and natural outbreaks. To achieve this, murine monoclonal antibodies were generated against Extractable antigen 1 (EA1) of B. anthracis which was(More)