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Inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1) is the most highly conserved signaling node of the unfolded protein response (UPR) and represents a potential therapeutic target for a number of diseases associated with endoplasmic reticulum stress. IRE1 activates the XBP-1 transcription factor by site-specific cleavage of two hairpin loops within its mRNA to facilitate(More)
Osteopontin protects endothelial cells from apoptosis induced by growth factor withdrawal. This interaction is mediated by the alpha(v)beta(3) integrin and is NF-kappaB-dependent (Scatena, M., Almeida, M., Chaisson, M. L., Fausto, N., Nicosia, R. F., and Giachelli, C. M. (1998) J. Cell Biol. 141, 1083-1093). In the present study we used differential cloning(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) cells are characterized by high protein synthesis resulting in chronic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, which is adaptively managed by the unfolded protein response. Inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α) is activated to splice X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) mRNA, thereby increasing XBP1s protein, which in turn regulates genes(More)
Cancer has currently overtaken heart disease as the major cause of mortality in the United States. The Human Genome Project, advances in informatics, miniaturization of sample collection, and increased knowledge of cell signaling pathways has revolutionized the study of disease. Genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics are currently being used to develop(More)
PURPOSE The goal of this study was to investigate the therapeutic potential of a novel immunotherapy strategy resulting in immunity to localized or metastatic human papillomavirus 16-transformed murine tumors. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Animals bearing E7-expressing tumors were coimmunized by lymph node injection with E7 49-57 antigen and TLR3-ligand (synthetic(More)
Osteopontin is a secreted, arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGD)-containing phosphoprotein that is up-regulated in kidney cortical tubular epithelial cells in many experimental models of tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Its close association with infiltrating macrophage in this disease and its ability to directly stimulate macrophage migration has made it a key(More)
Active immunotherapy of cancer has yet to yield effective therapies in the clinic. To evaluate the translatability of DNA-based vaccines we analyzed the profile of T-cell immunity by plasmid vaccination in a murine model, using transcriptome microarray analysis and flow cytometry. DNA vaccination resulted in specific T cells expressing low levels of(More)
Vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) undergo a dramatic phenotypic transition in response to injury and ex vivo culture that includes enhanced proliferation, migration, matrix deposition, and alterations in gene expression. Osteopontin is a good marker for the injury-induced SMC phenotypic state in vivo and in vitro. To identify transcription factors that(More)
A major goal of treatment strategies for cancer is the development of agents which can block primary tumor growth and development as well as the progression of tumor metastasis without any treatment associated side effects. Using mini peptide display (MPD) technology, we generated peptides that can bind to the human vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)(More)
Among cancers, lung cancer is the single biggest killer in the US. It is estimated that lung cancer was responsible for 171900 newly diagnosed cases of cancer in the US in 2003, and for 157200 deaths. Over many years, however, there has been little improvement in the clinical outcome of lung cancer, and any improvement in the incidence or mortality from(More)
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