Uri Mingelgrin

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We tested the possibility of using tree cores to detect unknown subsurface contamination by chlorinated volatile organic compounds (Cl-VOCs) and petroleum hydrocarbons, a method we term "phytoscreening". The scope and limitations of the method include the following: (i) a number of widespread Cl-VOC contaminants are readily found in tree cores, although(More)
Only a small fraction of the transition metals content in sludge-amended soils is soluble, and yet this fraction is a major contributor to the mobility and bioavailability of the metals. The chemical species of zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) in the soluble fractions of soil-sludge mixtures were characterized with respect to their charge, molecular weight, and(More)
Sorption of Cu2+ and Zn2+ to the plasma membrane (PM) of wheat root (Triticum aestivum L␣cv. Scout 66) vesicles was measured at different pH values and in the presence of organic acids and other metals. The results were analyzed using a Gouy-Chapman-Stem model for competitive sorption (binding and electrostatic attraction) to a negative binding site. The(More)
Organoclays are excellent sorbents for nonionic contaminants and therefore may have many environmental applications. A major limitation on the use of organoclays is that the contaminant merely changes its location from one environmental compartment to another while still remaining intact. In this study, a new type of organoclay, termed a bifunctional(More)
Quantification of two plant viruses in suspensions of homoionic Ca-bentonite was conducted by applying to the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay plates either the virus-clay mixture (direct method) or the supernatant obtained after the clay was allowed to settle (classic method). Both methods showed a similar dependence of free virus content on clay(More)
The mechanism for the hydrolysis of methyl parathion (MP) by a bifunctional quaternary-ammonium based long-chained organclay(LCOC) containing an alkylamine (-CH2CH2-NH2) headgroup was elucidated. The pathway of the catalytic hydrolysis of methyl parathion by the LCOC was defined by following the effect of replacing H20 with D20, by replacing the primary(More)
DCP (2,4-dichlorophenol) is the key-intermediate in the synthesis of some widely used pesticides and is an EPA priority pollutant. The mechanochemical breakdown of DCP loaded on birnessite (δ-MnO2), montmorillonite saturated with Na(+) or Cu(2+) and hematite was investigated. Mechanical force was applied by grinding of mixtures of DCP and the minerals,(More)
The enhancement of the degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), exemplified by pyrene and phenanthrene, using mild grinding in the presence of common minerals was investigated. Magnetite, birnessite, and Na- and Cu-montmorillonite samples were loaded with pyrene or phenanthrene and ground manually or in a ball mill for short periods of time.(More)