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BACKGROUND Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with low levels of circulating cortisol, and recent studies suggest that cortisol administration may reduce PTSD symptoms. This study investigated the role of cortisol in the manifestation of anxiety- and fear-like symptoms in an animal model of PTSD. METHOD Magnitude of changes in prevalence(More)
BACKGROUND Spectral analysis of heart rate variability has recently been shown to be a reliable noninvasive test for quantitative assessment of cardiovascular autonomic regulatory responses, providing a dynamic map of sympathetic and parasympathetic interaction. In a prior study exploring the state of hyperarousal characterizing the posttraumatic stress(More)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affects about 20-30% of exposed individuals. Clinical studies of PTSD generally employ stringent criteria for inclusion in study populations, and yet in animal studies the data collection and analysis are generally expressed as a function of exposed vs nonexposed populations, regardless of individual variation in(More)
BACKGROUND Antipsychotic medications cause a wide range of adverse effects and have been associated with sudden death in psychiatric patients. AIMS To supply power spectral analysis of heart rate variability as a tool to examine the arrythmogenic effects of neuroleptics. METHOD Heart rate analysis was carried out in patients with schizophrenia on(More)
BACKGROUND Early life exposure to potentially traumatic experiences (PTEs) significantly increases the risk of responding more severely to stressful events experienced in adulthood. The aim of this study was to assess the autonomic nervous system (ANS) response to exposure to two PTEs in youth and again in adulthood, in terms of heart rate and heart rate(More)
BACKGROUND Paradoxical changes in memory represent a troublesome characteristic of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Exceptionally vivid intrusive memories of some aspects of the trauma are mingled with patchy amnesia regarding other important aspects. Molecular studies of the memory process suggest that the conversion from labile short-term memory into(More)
Retrospective clinical reports suggesting that traumatic stress populations display an increased propensity for glucose metabolism disorders were examined in a controlled prospective animal model. Stress-induced behavioural and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis response patterns were correlated to central and peripheral parameters of glucose(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors' goal was to conduct a double-blind trial of vitamin B(6) in the treatment of tardive dyskinesia in patients with schizophrenia. METHOD Fifteen inpatients with schizophrenia who met research diagnostic criteria for tardive dyskinesia were randomly assigned to treatment with either vitamin B(6) or placebo for 4 weeks in a double-blind(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested that sexual dysfunction may be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Yet such studies have not examined a full range of sexual functioning and have not accounted for the possibility that medication used to treat PTSD may contribute to sexual dysfunction. OBJECTIVE The current study compares the(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin B6, or pyridoxine, plays an intrinsic role in the synthesis of certain neurotransmitters that take part in development of psychotic states. Several reports indicate that vitamin B6 may be a factor in a number of psychiatric disorders and related conditions, such as autism, Alzheimer's disease, hyperactivity, learning disability, anxiety(More)