Uri A Liberman

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One interpretation of recent literature on the evolution of phenotypic modularity is that evolution should act to decrease the degree of interaction between genes that contribute to different phenotypes. This issue is addressed directly here using a fitness scheme determined by two genetic loci and a third locus which modifies a measure of statistical(More)
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), the hormonal form of vitamin D, has anticancer activity in vivo and in vitro. Doxorubicin exerts its cytotoxic effect on tumor cells mainly by two mechanisms: (a) generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS); and (b) inhibition of topoisomerase II. We studied the combined cytotoxic action of 1,25(OH)2D3 and doxorubicin(More)
UNLABELLED In this meta-analysis of all Merck-conducted, placebo-controlled clinical trials of alendronate, the occurrence of AF was uncommon, with most studies reporting two or fewer events. Across all studies, no clear association between overall bisphosphonate exposure and the rate of serious or non-serious AF was observed. INTRODUCTION To explore the(More)
Cultured fibroblasts obtained from patients with tissue resistance to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (vitamin D3--dependent rickets, type II) contain normal, low, or undetectable concentrations of this hormone's receptor protein as measured by a ligand-binding assay. Extracts from these cells were evaluated for receptors by immunoassay with a recently developed(More)
The anticancer activity of the hormonal form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D], is associated with inhibition of cell cycle progression, induction of differentiation, and apoptosis. In addition, 1,25(OH)2D3 augments the activity of anticancer agents that induce excessive reactive oxygen species generation in their target cells. This study(More)
In addition to its known effects on keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation, the hormonal form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)), has been shown to protect keratinocytes from UV- and chemotherapy-induced damage. Epidermal keratinocytes contain both the machinery needed to produce 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) and vitamin D receptors. The(More)
The mast cell lines rat basophilic leukemia (RBL) and mouse C57 cells respond to IgE/antigen complexes by degranulation. Treatment of these cells with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), (10-100 nM) for 24-48 h enhanced IgE/antigen-induced exocytosis as monitored by release of hexosaminidase. A short term incubation with the hormone did not affect(More)
Phenotypic switching has been observed in laboratory studies of yeast and bacteria, in which the rate of such switching appears to adjust to match the frequency of environmental changes. Among possible mechanisms of switching are epigenetic influences on gene expression and variation in levels of methylation; thus environmental and/or genetic factors may(More)
It was previously shown that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1, 25(OH)(2)D(3)) enhances the cytotoxic activity of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), doxorubicin and menadione. A feature shared by these anticancer agents is the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in their action. In this work we found that 1, 25(OH)(2)D(3) acted synergistically(More)
We studied the effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) on the cytotoxic action of TNF on MCF-7 human breast cancer cells and on adult bovine aortic endothelial cells. 1,25(OH)2D3 increased the effect of TNF on MCF-7 cells but not on endothelial cells over a wide TNF concentration range. At a suboptimal concentration (1 ng/ml) the potentiation was(More)