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— A feature detection system has been developed for real-time identification of lines, circles and legs from laser data. A new method suitable for arc/circle detection is proposed: the Internal Angle Variance (IAV). Lines are detected using a recursive line fitting method. The people leg detection is based on geometrical constrains. The system was(More)
The image of a planar mirror reflection (IPMR) can be interpreted as a virtual view of the scene, acquired by a camera with a pose symmetric to the pose of the real camera with respect to the mirror plane. The epipolar geometry of virtual views associated with different IPMRs is well understood, and it is possible to recover the camera motion and perform 3D(More)
This paper presents a new algorithm for the extrinsic calibration of a perspective camera and an invisible 2D laser-rangefinder (LRF). The calibration is achieved by freely moving a checkerboard pattern in order to obtain plane poses in camera coordinates and depth readings in the LRF reference frame. The problem of estimating the rigid displacement between(More)
This paper proposes three novel training methods, two of them based on the backpropagation approach and a third one based on information theory for multilayer perceptron (MLP) binary classifiers. Both backpropagation methods are based on the maximal-margin (MM) principle. The first one, based on the gradient descent with adaptive learning rate algorithm(More)
This paper describes new results with a Reactive Shared-Control system that enables a semi-autonomous navigation of a wheelchair in unknown and dynamic environments. The purpose of the reactive shared controller is to assist wheelchair users providing an easier and safer navigation. It is designed as a fuzzy-logic controller and follows a behaviour-based(More)
The effective use of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) in real-world environments depends on a satisfactory throughput. In a P300-based BCI, this can be attained by reducing the number of trials needed to detect the P300 signal. However, this task is hampered by the very low signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) of P300 event related potentials. This paper proposes an(More)
A perception system for pedestrian detection in urban scenarios using information from a LIDAR and a single camera is presented. Two sensor fusion architectures are described, a centralized and a decentralized one. In the former, the fusion process occurs at the feature level, i.e., features from LIDAR and vision spaces are combined in a single vector for(More)