Urban J. Scheuring

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Adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who are stratified into the standard-risk (SR) group due to the absence of adverse prognostic factors relapse in 40% to 55% of the cases. To identify complementary markers suitable for further treatment stratification in SR ALL, we evaluated the predictive value of minimal residual disease (MRD) and(More)
PURPOSE In patients with acute leukemias, a lymphoid phenotype, the presence of a Philadelphia chromosome (Ph), and inadequate central nervous system (CNS)-directed prophylactic therapy are risk factors for CNS involvement. Imatinib mesylate has promising single-agent antileukemic activity in patients with advanced Ph(+) acute leukemias. It was the aim of(More)
Imatinib has pronounced but brief antileukemic activity in advanced Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph(+)ALL). We assessed the prognostic impact of pretreatment disease features and the early bone marrow (BM) response in 68 consecutive patients with Ph(+)ALL receiving imatinib salvage therapy. A complete hematologic or marrow(More)
The German Multicenter Study Group for Adult ALL (GMALL) conducts since 1984 trials with risk adapted study design. The model of conventional prognostic factors comprises now WBC, age, immunophenotype, cytogenetics and molecular genetics. Risk stratification according to these factors allows a highly significant prediction of relapse risk in adult ALL. In(More)
In adult Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL), minimal residual disease (MRD) after stem cell transplantation (SCT) is associated with a relapse probability exceeding 90%. Starting imatinib in the setting of MRD may decrease this high relapse rate. In this prospective multicenter study, 27 Ph+ ALL patients received(More)
We describe the clinical activity of the ABL kinase inhibitor STI571 in a patient with accelerated phase of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) relapsing after a second allogeneic BMT and with minimal levels of donor chimerism. STI571 resulted in rapid elimination of leukemic cells with ensuing prolonged severe leukopenia and neutropenia complicated by(More)
OBJECTIVE Characterization of the effects of infection with HIV-1 on cellular gene expression. DESIGN AND METHODS Differential RNA display was applied to compare uninfected and HIV-1LAI-infected CEM cells 24 h post-inoculation. Differential bands were selected, cloned and several clones per band were sequenced. RNase protection assay was used to confirm(More)
CD8(+)CD28(-) T cells have been characterized by oligoclonal expansions, impaired proliferative responses, but preserved cytotoxicity and reduced telomeres. To examine this subset further and define the underlying mechanisms of proliferation arrest, we investigated several features of this cell type compared with CD8(+)CD28(+) controls. We analyzed(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the molecular mechanisms of HIV-induced apoptosis. DESIGN The assessment of expression patterns for genes affecting the interrelated cell cycle and apoptosis processes in HIV-1LAI-infected T lymph oblastoid (CEM) cells, as well as CD4 and CD8 cells from HIV-infected individuals and controls. METHODS The kinetics of HIV infection in(More)
Imatinib has pronounced antileukemic activity in Ph+ALL, although responses are usually short. To determine whether imatinib may facilitate allogeneic SCT in relapsed or refractory Ph+ALL, we evaluated 46 consecutive, not previously transplanted patients who were enrolled in phase II studies of imatinib. Of 30 patients eligible for SCT, 22 (73%) were(More)