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A prospective clinical trial was conducted to determine the skeletal and dental contributions to the correction of overjet and overbite in Class III patients. Thirty patients (12 males and 18 females with a mean age of 8.4 +/- 1.7 years) were treated consecutively with protraction headgear and fixed maxillary expansion appliances. For each patient, a(More)
The effects of the progressive activation of the Herbst appliance on the activity of the masseter and temporalis elevator muscles of the mandible were monitored in a group of 14 consecutively treated 10-15-year-old subjects with an Angle Class II, division I malocclusion. A cast silver splint Herbst appliance was activated in multiple stages at a rate of 2(More)
Indian hedgehog (Ihh) is a critical mediator transducing mechanical signals to stimulate chondrocyte proliferation. To clarify the cellular signal transduction pathway that senses and converts mechanical signals into tissue growth in mandibular condyle, we evaluated Ihh expression and its relation to the kinetics of replicating mesenchymal cells in condylar(More)
The definitions of cephalometric landmarks include relative terms that are dependent on the orientation of the head (e.g., lowest, most posterior) and head orientation differ widely during cephalometry (e.g., Frankfort plane horizontal, natural head posture). The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of head posture changes on the commonly used(More)
Cephalometric landmark validity (the difference between the estimated landmark and the true landmark) has surprisingly not previously been comprehensively evaluated, and no previous study has examined the validity of cephalometric angles and distances. The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of 15 commonly used skeletal and dental(More)
Few previous cephalometric studies have used dry skulls in order to eliminate the effects of the facial soft tissues. The aim of this study were to quantify the intra-examiner reproducibility of the commonly used cephalometric landmarks, angles and distances, using dry skulls and to compare these errors with previous error data obtained from normal(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the space closure and occlusal changes in 11 subjects (mean age 11.8 years) with normal occlusion and agenesis of the mandibular second premolar, after extraction of the mandibular secondary primary molar and the maxillary second premolar on the side of the agenesis. The treatment started when the first premolars(More)
Muscular activity of the superficial masseter muscle and anterior portion of the temporal muscle before, during, and after treatment, with gradual advancement of the mandible, was evaluated by assessing the average integrated electromyogram (EMG) with the mandible in retruded position (RP) and incisal edge-to-edge (EE) position on 23 consecutive subjects(More)
The aim of this study was to quantify and compare the cephalometric measurement errors (interexaminer errors) between two orthodontic residents and two oral and maxillofacial surgical residents with differing years of experience. It was hypothesized that the measurement errors would differ between observers with different training backgrounds and experience(More)
BACKGROUND Rhizoma Curculiginis (Xianmao) and Rhizoma Drynariae (Gusuibu) are 'Yang-tonifying' traditional Chinese herbal medicines used to strengthen bones. This investigation aims to assess the systemic effect of extracts of Rhizoma Curculiginis and Rhizoma Drynariae on bone histomorphology and formation, and their local effect on bone healing. METHODS(More)