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A prospective clinical trial was conducted to determine the skeletal and dental contributions to the correction of overjet and overbite in Class III patients. Thirty patients (12 males and 18 females with a mean age of 8.4 +/- 1.7 years) were treated consecutively with protraction headgear and fixed maxillary expansion appliances. For each patient, a(More)
Cephalometric landmark validity (the difference between the estimated landmark and the true landmark) has surprisingly not previously been comprehensively evaluated, and no previous study has examined the validity of cephalometric angles and distances. The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of 15 commonly used skeletal and dental(More)
The effects of the progressive activation of the Herbst appliance on the activity of the masseter and temporalis elevator muscles of the mandible were monitored in a group of 14 consecutively treated 10-15-year-old subjects with an Angle Class II, division I malocclusion. A cast silver splint Herbst appliance was activated in multiple stages at a rate of 2(More)
The definitions of cephalometric landmarks include relative terms that are dependent on the orientation of the head (e.g., lowest, most posterior) and head orientation differ widely during cephalometry (e.g., Frankfort plane horizontal, natural head posture). The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of head posture changes on the commonly used(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the space closure and occlusal changes in 11 subjects (mean age 11.8 years) with normal occlusion and agenesis of the mandibular second premolar, after extraction of the mandibular secondary primary molar and the maxillary second premolar on the side of the agenesis. The treatment started when the first premolars(More)
Few previous cephalometric studies have used dry skulls in order to eliminate the effects of the facial soft tissues. The aim of this study were to quantify the intra-examiner reproducibility of the commonly used cephalometric landmarks, angles and distances, using dry skulls and to compare these errors with previous error data obtained from normal(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of virtual models as an alternative to orthodontic plaster models. Virtual dental models (obtained from OrthoCAD) and corresponding plaster models of 80 patients in the permanent dentition were randomly selected from patients seeking orthodontic care. Inter-examiner error was assessed by measuring(More)
Muscular activity of the superficial masseter muscle and anterior portion of the temporal muscle before, during, and after treatment, with gradual advancement of the mandible, was evaluated by assessing the average integrated electromyogram (EMG) with the mandible in retruded position (RP) and incisal edge-to-edge (EE) position on 23 consecutive subjects(More)
An experimental cephalometric study on the accuracy of independently locating eight landmarks and the subsequent effects on the maxillary (ILs/NL) and mandibular (ILi/ML) incisor angulation was carried out on 30 dry skulls. The true location of each landmark was marked with a steel ball glued onto the skulls. Two additional steel balls were used as(More)
  • Man Zhang, Colman McGrath, Urban Hägg
  • 2007
Shared decision making between children and parents is required in orthodontics. This study compared agreement among mothers, fathers, and children regarding the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children. A sample of 71 child patients (41 girls and 30 boys) aged 12.6 years with an orthodontic treatment need, together with both their parents(More)