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The present study aimed to assess the cephalometric features in children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). The subjects were 70 children (34 boys and 36 girls, mean age 7.3, SD 1.72, range 4.2-11.9 years) with habitual snoring and symptoms of obstructive sleep disorder for more than 6 months. On the basis of overnight polygraphic findings, the subjects(More)
OBJECTIVES Disorders of cardiovascular and other autonomic nervous system functions are often found in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Cardiovascular dysregulation in TLE has previously been quantified assessing traditional time and frequency domain measures of heart rate (HR) variability from short term ECG recordings. However, new complexity(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate cardiovascular responses as a marker of autonomic nervous system (ANS) disturbances in patients with untreated Parkinson's disease (PD) and to assess the relationship between them and the clinical characteristics of PD. The ANS functions were investigated in 50 patients with PD and 55 healthy subjects by measuring(More)
PURPOSE To measure interictal cardiovascular autonomic functions in patients with either refractory or well-controlled temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHODS For autonomic assessment, heart rate variation during normal and deep breathing, Valsalva maneuver, and tilting were measured in 19 patients with chronic refractory TLE, 19 patients with(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the interictal autonomic nervous system function in 84 patients with epilepsy: 37 with newly diagnosed, previously untreated epilepsy, and 47 patients receiving long-term carbamazepine (CBZ), phenytoin (PHT), or valproate (VPA) monotherapy, or CBZ plus PHT, or CBZ plus VPA for their seizure disorder. METHODS We assessed autonomic(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to investigate the cardiovascular autonomic control in clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with a standardised battery of cardiovascular tests and to correlate these findings with the brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesion load. METHODS Fifty-one patients with MS and 50 healthy controls(More)
BACKGROUND Snoring children may present symptoms suggestive of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Different and controversial methods to establish the diagnosis and to choose the treatment modalities have been proposed. OBJECTIVES To study children with symptoms raising the suspicion of OSAS with overnight polysomnography (PSG). To evaluate the(More)
The cerebral effect of long term (mean 15.6, SD 8.9 years) and low (about 25 micrograms/m3 air) exposure to mercury vapour was studied in a group of 41 workers in a chlor-alkali plant and in a group of matched referents by electroencephalography (EEG). In the visually interpreted EEGs only a tendency for an increased number of EEG abnormalities, especially(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of nocturnal breathing disorders such as obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and snoring on developing dental arches. The study group comprised 41 children (22 males, 19 females, mean age 7.2 years, standard deviation 1.93) with diagnosed OSA. Age- and gender-matched groups of 41 snoring and 41(More)