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The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of alcohol, psychoactive medicinal drugs and illegal drugs among drivers in Norwegian road traffic. Drivers of motor vehicles were selected from April 2005 to April 2006 in the south-eastern part of Norway, surrounding, but not including the capital, Oslo. A stratified two-stage cluster sampling(More)
BACKGROUND Oral fluid is an alternative matrix with potential applications in road-side drug screening, work-place testing, drug treatment programs, and epidemiological surveys. Development of methods for extensive drug screening in oral fluid is warranted. METHODS We developed a liquid chromatography- tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for drug(More)
An ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS-MS) method for screening of drugs in whole blood has been developed and validated. Samples were prepared by supported liquid-liquid extraction on ChemElute(®) columns with ethyl acetate/heptane (4:1). LC separation was achieved with an Acquity HSS T3-column (2.1 100 mm, 1.8-μm(More)
Cerebral blood flow and the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen were measured in 30 patients during craniotomy for supratentorial cerebral tumours by a modification of the Kety-Schmidt technique using Xenon 133 intravenously. Anaesthesia was induced with midazolam 0.3 mg/kg, fentanyl and pancuronium, and maintained with midazolam as a continuous infusion,(More)
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen (CMRO2) were measured by a modification of the Kety-Schmidt technique using i.v. xenon-133 in 20 patients undergoing craniotomy for supratentorial cerebral tumours. Anaesthesia was induced and maintained with midazolam, fentanyl and nitrous oxide. Pancuronium was given for neuromuscular block.(More)
AH-7921 is a synthetic μ-opioid agonist, approximately equipotent with morphine. We report the death of two young individuals after ingestion of AH-7921 in combination with other psychoactive drugs. In the first case a young man died shortly after ingesting Internet drugs. Toxicological analysis of post mortem peripheral blood revealed AH-7921 (0.43 mg/L),(More)
A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) method has been developed and validated for the determination of benzodiazepines, on the market in Norway, and/or their metabolites in human urine. The following compounds were included: 7-aminonitrazepam, 7-aminoclonazepam, 7-aminoflunitrazepam, alprazolam, alpha-hydroxyalprazolam, oxazepam,(More)
A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) method has been developed and validated for the determination of digoxin and digitoxin in whole blood samples in autopsy cases. Samples were prepared by liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) with ethyl acetate/heptane/dichloromethane (3:1:1). LC separation was achieved using an Atlantis dC(18)-column (2.1(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a pathogen that often infects patients who are either immunocompromised or have local defects in host defences. It is known that cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are sometimes infected with certain clonal isolates. It is not clear whether these clonal isolates also infect non-CF patients and whether clonality of isolates occurs in(More)
A randomized double-blind clinically controlled investigation with a placebo was undertaken to investigate the prophylactic effect of transdermal scopolamine on postoperative nausea and vomiting after dilatation and curettage and termination of pregnancy. No significant difference was found between the placebo and transdermal scopolamine. On the other hand,(More)