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Ethernet AVB is being actively considered by the automotive industry as a candidate for in-vehicle communication backbone. However, several questions pertaining to schedulability of hard real-time messages transmitted via such a switch remain unanswered. In this paper, we attempt to fill this void. We derive equations to perform worst-case response time(More)
In this paper we evaluate the promise held by low-power GPUs for non-graphic workloads that arise in embedded systems. Towards this, we map and implement 5 benchmarks, that find utility in very different application domains, to an embedded GPU. Our results show that apart from accelerated performance, embedded GPUs are promising also because of their energy(More)
— FlexRay has been widely accepted as the next generation bus protocol for automotive networks. This has led to tremendous research interest in techniques for scheduling messages on the FlexRay bus, in order to meet the hard real-time deadlines of the automotive applications. However, these techniques do not generate reliable schedules in the sense that(More)
FlexRay is gaining wide acceptance as the next generation bus protocol for automotive networks. This has led to tremendous research interest in techniques for scheduling signals, which are generated by real-time applications, on the FlexRay bus. Signals are first packed together into frames at the application-level and the frames are then transmitted over(More)
FlexRay, developed by a consortium of over hundred automotive companies, is a real-time communication protocol for automotive networks. In this paper, we propose a new approach for timing analysis of the event-triggered component of FlexRay, known as the dynamic segment. Our technique accounts for the fact that the FlexRay standard allows slot multiplexing,(More)
FlexRay has now become a well-established in-vehicle communication bus at most original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) such as BMW, Audi, and GM. Given the increasing cost of verification and the high degree of crosslinking between components in automotive architectures, an incremental design process is commonly followed. In order to incorporate(More)
It is now widely believed that FlexRay will emerge as the predominant protocol for in-vehicle automotive communication systems. As a result, there has been a lot of recent interest in timing and predictability analysis techniques that are specifically targeted towards FlexRay. In this paper we propose a compositional performance analysis framework for a(More)
The short time-to-market window for embedded systems demands automation of design methodologies for customizable processors. Recent research advances in this direction have mostly focused on single criteria optimization, e.g., optimizing performance though custom instructions under pre-defined area constraint. From the designer's perspective, however, it(More)
The design process for automotive electronics is an iterative process, where new components and distributed applications are added over several design cycles incrementally. Hence, at each design iteration an existing communication schedule is extended by new messages that have to be scheduled appropriately. In this paper, the goal has been to synthesize(More)
In this paper, a design method for automotive architectures is proposed. The two main technical contributions are (i) a novel hardware/software architecture <i>encoding</i> that unifies a number of design steps, i.e., resource allocation, process binding, message routing, scheduling, and parameter estimation for the processor and bus schedulers, and (ii) a(More)