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BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatic steatosis occurs frequently in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) or chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Recently, several studies suggested that steatosis plays an important role as a cofactor in other liver diseases such as hepatic fibrosis, hepatitis, and liver cancer. In contrast to HCV, however, the molecular(More)
BACKGROUND Self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) have been widely used in inoperable malignant gastric outlet obstructions, but stent obstructions caused by tumor ingrowth and migration are a major problem of SEMS. The aims of this study were to assess the rate of stent restenosis, to identify lesion characteristics related to early restenosis by tumor(More)
Hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) show genomic alterations, including DNA rearrangements associated with HBV DNA integration, loss of heterozygosity, and chromosomal amplification. The genes most frequently involved are those encoding tumor suppressors. The p16INK4A tumor suppressor gene frequently displays genetic alteration in HCC tissues. The present(More)
(-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) is a potent antioxidant polyphenol in green tea that acts as an anticancer agent via both direct and indirect pathways. Although the relationship between EGCG's anticancer effects and its antioxidant activity is not fully understood, it is known that EGCG stimulates production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which(More)
The healing efficacy of omeprazole was assessed in 57 Korean patients with endoscopically-proven gastric (GU) and/or prepyloric (PPU) ulcers of at least 5 mm diameter. Fifty-three patients presented with GU, two with PPU and two with both types of ulcer. The maximum ulcer diameter was 5-10 mm in 27 patients and greater than 10 mm in 30 patients. All(More)
Peroxiredoxin II knockout (Prdx II(-/-)) mice had a spontaneous phenotype of hemolytic anemia. In this study, we found that Ter-119(+)CD71(+) cells increased in Prdx II(-/-) mice bone marrow (BM) at 8 weeks of age. We examined the differential expression profiles to bone marrow cells (BMCs) between Prdx II(+/+) and Prdx II(-/-) mice using a cDNA microarray.(More)
The involvement of NF-kappa B binding activity is known to be important in the mechanism of acute liver injury and in the induction of cyclooxygenase (COX-2). This study was performed to evaluate NF-kappa B binding activity and the expression of COX-2 in chronic liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)). Liver tissues from Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
Until now, it is known that hypoxia increases the glycolytic enzyme expression at the transcriptional level. Here, we show evidence that hypoxia increases hepatic glucose output and HIF-1 and ATF-2-mediated transactivation of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), which plays a critical role as a rate-limiting enzyme in gluconeogenesis, gene in liver.(More)
Carbohydrate antigens representing some of the initial steps in mucin O-linked glycosylation were examined in specimens of normal pancreas, chronic pancreatitis, and pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Tn antigen, recognized by Vicia villosa lectin, was expressed by all specimens of normal pancreas (acinar cells) and pancreatic cancers and all but one case of(More)
To clarify the epidemiological characteristics of gallstone disease in Korea and to evaluate the chronological changes in gallstone disease, the authors performed this first prospective nationwide cooperative study. The subjects were 1263 gallstone patients who were admitted at 19 hospitals in Korea from February to July 1997. Questionnaires were recorded(More)