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Strains of Pseudomonas stutzeri developed stable resistance to chlorhexidine diacetate (CHA) or cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) when exposed to gradually increasing concentrations of either antibacterial agent. Such strains showed reduced sensitivity to other non-antibiotics, including triclosan, and to some antibiotics, although this varied from strain to(More)
Changes in outer membrane proteins (OMP) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in cells of strains of Pseudomonas stutzeri sensitive and resistant to chlorhexidine diacetate (CHA) or cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) have been examined. Four of five CHA-resistant strains had alterations in OMP profiles, including the expression of two additional protein bands. All the(More)
The sensitivity of six strains of Pseudomonas stutzeri (NCIMB 568, 10783, 11358, 11359, JM 302, JM 375) to cationic antiseptics, mercury compounds, the parabens, phenolics, EDTA and various antibiotics was compared with Pseudomonas aeruginosa NCIMB 8626. All Ps. stutzeri strains were highly sensitive to chlorhexidine diacetate, organomercurials and(More)
BACKGROUND Burkholderia pseudomallei, a gram-negative bacterium that causes melioidosis, was reported to produce biofilm. As the disease causes high relapse rate when compared to other bacterial infections, it therefore might be due to the reactivation of the biofilm forming bacteria which also provided resistance to antimicrobial agents. However, the(More)
Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative saprophytic bacterium that causes severe sepsis with a high mortality rate in humans and a vaccine is not available. Bacteriophages are viruses of bacteria that are ubiquitous in nature. Several lysogenic phages of Burkholderia spp. have been found but information is scarce for lytic phages. Six phages, ST2, ST7,(More)
Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive analysis of X-ray (EDAX) have been used to examine chlorhexidine diacetate (CHA)-sensitive and -resistant isolates of Pseudomonas stutzeri and to determine the effects of CHA on the cells. Significant differences were observed in the structure, size and(More)
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and a dot immunoassay with culture-filtrated antigen were developed for detection of Burkholderia pseudomallei specific antibodies in melioidosis patients. Sixty-eight sera of bacteriologically confirmed melioidosis patients, 45 sera of other bacterial infected patients and 80 sera of healthy blood donors from(More)
Immunological characterization of various Pseudomonas pseudomallei preparations was carried out by SDS-PAGE and Western blot using sera from infected humans and from patients with other bacterial infections. Somatic (SOM) and partially purified cell extracts (PCE) gave more complex SDS-PAGE patterns: M(r) ranged from 86 to 12.7 and 48 to 10 kDa,(More)