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Anticholinergic toxicity can arise as a result of the cumulative burden of multiple medications and metabolites rather than be caused by a single compound. In this sense, prescribing drugs with anticholinergic properties to Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients could contribute to aggravate some frequent problems of the disease, like dementia, urinary(More)
BACKGROUND Scoring scales such as the Anticholinergic Drug Scale (ADS), the Anticholinergic Risk Scale (ARS), and the Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale (ACB) provide an estimation of total anticholinergic burden. Not all the lists include the same drugs, and the points given for certain drugs differ among them. Whether these discrepancies present(More)
Durán et al. [1] should be commended for their comprehensive literature review of drugs with anticholinergic properties. We have recently shown the poor agreement among three scales applied in a medium-and long-stay psychiatric hospital [2]. Thus, we strongly believe that the proposed uniform drug list represents an important step forward. Nevertheless, as(More)
PURPOSE Almost all antipsychotics have been associated with a risk of epileptic seizure provocation. Among the first-generation antipsychotics (FGA) chlorpromazine appears to be associated with the greatest risk of seizures among the second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) clozapine is thought to be most likely to cause convulsions. This information is(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to assess the antipsychotic polypharmacy (APP) prevalence in a psychiatric hospital and to find the supporting evidence for the 10 most prescribed two-drug combinations. Secondarily, how many included clozapine, prevalence in the elderly, high dosage and clinically relevant interactions were also assessed. METHOD(More)
PURPOSE Although antipsychotics are well known for causing a plethora of adverse drug reactions (ADRs), the main concern when used to treat psychosis in Parkinson disease (PD) has traditionally been motor function worsening. The limited number of patients included in clinical trials contributes to underreport less common ADR. The aims of this study were to(More)
OBJECTIVE Atypical agents have emerged as the dominant choice among antipsychotics. Data about development of antipsychotic use in medium-long stay psychiatric hospitals is lacking. MATERIAL AND METHODS Antipsychotic drug consumption data and cost was obtained from 1998 to 2010 for all inpatients of a 231-bed psychiatric hospital. Number of hospital stays(More)
Mrs A, a 68-year-old woman with paranoid schizophrenia, was on long-term psychiatric treatment with long-acting intramuscular zuclopenthixol, quetiapine and alprazolam when, in April 2012, she was diagnosed with right breast infiltrating ductal carcinoma. After starting treatment with letrozole on 4 July, Mrs A progressively developed extrapyramidal(More)
Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) are admitted to hospital more frequently and for a longer time than other patients from the same age group. The reason they are hospitalised is often different from their underlying baseline disease and they are usually attended in services with little knowledge of the disease. Both the errors made when administering(More)