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Formins are actin polymerization factors that are known to nucleate and elongate actin filaments at the barbed end. In the present study we show that human FHOD1 lacks actin nucleation and elongation capacity, but acts as an actin bundling factor with capping activity toward the filament barbed end. Constitutively active FHOD1 associates with actin(More)
Low oxygen availability (hypoxia) is a hallmark of rapidly proliferating tumors and has been suggested to be a characteristic of the embryonic and adult stem cell niche. The idea of relating cancer to stem cells is increasingly popular due to the identification of specific cancer stem cells sharing the typical plasticity and motility of pluripotent stem(More)
Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are pluripotent elements found in the adult seminiferous epithelium between Sertoli cells and a basal lamina which covers the multilayered external wall of peritubular myoid cells. The microenvironment of this pluripotent stem cell niche creates the complex and dynamic system that is necessary for the initiation of(More)
Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) are the most frequent neoplasia among young people and their incidence has grown very quickly during recent decades in North America and Europe. Many studies have been carried out in order to elucidate the factors involved in the appearance and progression of these tumors. Little is known about the role of cancer(More)
The role of actin in transcription and RNA processing is now widely accepted but the form of nuclear actin remains enigmatic. Monomeric, oligomeric or polymeric forms of actin seem to be involved in nuclear functions. Moreover, uncommon forms of actin such as the "lower dimer" have been observed in vitro. Antibodies have been pivotal in revealing the(More)
Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) comprise the vast majority of all testicular malignancies and are the most common type of cancer among young male adults. The nonseminomatous variant of TGCTs is characterized by the presence of embryonic and extraembryonic tissues together with a population of pluripotent cancer stem cells, the so-called embryonal(More)
The dynamic rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton plays a key role in several cellular processes such as cell motility, endocytosis, RNA processing and chromatin organization. However, the supramolecular actin structures involved in the different processes remain largely unknown. One of the less studied forms of actin is the lower dimer (LD). This(More)
BACKGROUND Carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the testis is considered to be a precancerous germinal cell lesion, but the precise cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying transformation of CIS into invasive pluripotent cancer cells remain to be elucidated. Moreover, a satisfactory animal model for the experimental study of germinal tumours has not been(More)
The tumour surrounding stroma, known as reactive stroma, is a crucial factor to understand cancer cell growth and invasion. In the normal adult testis, the stroma contains extracellular matrix components, fibroblasts, infiltrating leucocytes, lymphocytes, macrophages and capillaries, as well as other specific cell populations, like Leydig cells and a thin(More)
Intoxication of eukaryotic cells by Photorhabdus luminescens toxin TccC3 induces cell rounding and detachment from the substratum within a few hours and compromises a number of cell functions like phagocytosis. Here, we used morphological and biochemical procedures to analyse the mechanism of TccC3 intoxication. Life imaging of TccC3-intoxicated HeLa cells(More)