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Calcium-induced autolysis of bovine erythrocyte calpain I occurs in multiple stages. Initially, a 14 amino acid segment is cleaved from the N-terminus of the native 80 kDa catalytic subunit, yielding a 78 kDa form of the subunit. Then, an additional 12 amino acid segment is cleaved from the N-terminus, forming a 76 kDa subunit. The 76 kDa enzyme is the(More)
Creation of transgenic (knockout) mice deficient in calpain small (30 kDa) subunit gene was undertaken to clarify the proposed role of the small subunit for calpain proteolytic activity and to gain insight into the importance of the gene in the whole animal. The gene was targeted and disrupted in embryonic stem cells by homologous recombination, and(More)
We propose that carbonic anhydrase III (CAIII) functions as an anti-oxidant agent in skeletal muscle. To explore this hypothesis, we analyzed the gene expression profile of skeletal muscle in mice deficient in CAIII gene utilizing the murine genome U74Av2 set microarray. Pairwise comparison between CAIII knockout mice and their wild-type littermates(More)
The degradation of neurofilament (NF) proteins was examined by immunoblot methods to identify, characterize, and monitor the appearance of immunoreactive breakdown products during the loss of NF triplet proteins. Individual NF proteins and their breakdown products were identified using polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies to NF proteins. NF degradation was(More)
Limited proteolysis of annexin I occurs endogenously in intact rat lung alveolar epithelial type II cells as revealed by immunoblot analysis. Proteolysis increases in the presence of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), terbutaline, or ATP, agents that enhance secretion of lung surfactant from type II cells. Calpain, a calcium-dependent neutral protease,(More)
Annexins are a family of Ca(2+)- and phospholipid-binding proteins that have been implicated in exocytosis. In the present study, we investigated the participation of selected annexins in exocytosis of lamellar bodies by examining their liposome aggregation property and ability to reconstitute surfactant secretion from permeabilized rat lung alveolar type(More)
Synaptobrevin-2, syntaxin-1, and SNAP-25 were identified in rat alveolar epithelial type II cells by Western blot analysis. Synaptobrevin-2 was localized in the lamellar bodies, and syntaxin-1 and SNAP-25 were found in 0.4% Nonidet P40-soluble and -insoluble fractions, respectively, of the type II cells. When the isolated type II cells were stimulated for(More)
Although several signal transduction pathways, including activation of specific protein kinases have been proposed and studied for the secretory processes of lung surfactant from alveolar epithelial type II cells, the role of proteolytic processing by calpains (calcium-activated neutral proteases) in secretion has not been investigated. Therefore, we(More)
We investigated the nature of annexin II binding to the biological membranes using a lung epithelium-derived cell line A549. The cytosolic and membrane fractions of A549 cells were separated in the presence of 5 mM EGTA. Both fractions contain annexin II monomer and tetramer as evaluated by western blots using specific monoclonal antibodies against p36 and(More)