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A cDNA (SeMIPS1) encoding myo-inositol 1-phosphate synthase (EC (MIPS) has been characterized from sesame (Sesamum indicum L. cv. Dan-Baek) seeds and its functional expression analyzed. The SeMIPS1 protein was highly homologous with those from other plant species (88-94%), while a much lower degree of sequence homology (53-62%) was found with other(More)
Patients with ER-negative breast tumors are among the most difficult to treat and exhibit low survival rates due, in part, to metastasis from the breast to various distal sites. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) ligands show promise as antimetastatic drugs for estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer. Triple negative MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells were(More)
It is well known that the pro-inflammatory mediators such as nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin (PG)E(2) are involved in several inflammatory diseases and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can stimulate these inflammatory responses. Oleanolic acid 3-O-beta-d-glucopyranosyl(1-->3)-alpha-l-rhamnopyranosyl(1-->2)-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside (OA) was purified from edible(More)
Proteasomes constitute the major machinery to degrade or process proteins by ATP/ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis. Recent findings suggest a pivotal role of the ubiquitin/proteasome pathway in the regulation of apoptosis in animal cells. Here we show that virus-induced gene silencing of two different subunits of the 26 S proteasome, the alpha 6 subunit of the(More)
The orphan nuclear receptor TR3 (NR41A and Nur77) is overexpressed in most lung cancer patients and is a negative prognostic factor for patient survival. The function of TR3 was investigated in non-small-cell lung cancer A549 and H460 cells, and knockdown of TR3 by RNA interference (siTR3) inhibited cancer cell growth and induced apoptosis. The prosurvival(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-inducing anticancer agents such as phenethylisothiocyanate (PEITC) activate stress pathways for killing cancer cells. Here we demonstrate that PEITC-induced ROS decreased expression of microRNA 27a (miR-27a)/miR-20a:miR-17-5p and induced miR-regulated ZBTB10/ZBTB4 and ZBTB34 transcriptional repressors, which, in turn,(More)
A water extract of Panax notoginseng Buck F.H. Chen. (Arialiaceae) root (PN) is being used as a therapeutic agent to stop haemorrhages and as a tonic to promote health in Korean and Chinese medicine. The pharmacokinetic profiles of PN have not been accurately investigated. The preliminary aim was to elucidate the pharmacokinetic features of PN. First, the(More)
Caffeic acid phenyl ester (CAPE), a biologically active ingredient of propolis, has several interesting biological properties including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, immunostimulatory, anti-angiogenic, anti-invasive, anti-metastatic and carcinostatic activities. Recently, several groups have reported that CAPE is cytotoxic to tumor cells but(More)
Omeprazole and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) are aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonists that inhibit the invasion of breast cancer cells through inhibition of CXCR4 transcription. Treatment of highly invasive Panc1 pancreatic cancer cells with TCDD, omeprazole, and seven other AhR-active pharmaceuticals showed that only omeprazole and(More)
BTF3 (betaNAC) was originally isolated as a general transcription factor required for RNA polymerase II-dependent transcription, and later found to be a beta-subunit of nascent-polypeptide-associated complex that has been implicated in regulating protein localization during translation. In this study, virus-induced gene silencing of NbBTF3 encoding a(More)