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Plant systemic signaling characterized by the long distance transport of molecules across plant organs involves the xylem and phloem conduits. Root-microbe interactions generate systemic signals that are transported to aerial organs via the xylem sap. We analyzed the xylem sap proteome of soybean seedlings in response to pathogenic and symbiotic(More)
Thirty-day-old seedlings of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) were treated with various Hg concentrations (0, 10, and 50 μM) for up to 20 days, and the hypothesis that Hg induces oxidative stress leading to the reduction of biomass and chlorophyll content in leaves was examined. The accumulation of Hg in seedlings increased with external Hg(More)
ATP-citrate lyase (ACL), an enzyme catalyzing the first step in biosynthesis of fatty acids, is induced during the lipogenesis and cholesterologenesis. We demonstrate that the region -213 to -128 of human ACL promoter is responsible for conferring glucose-mediated transcription. This region in the ACL promoter contains Sp1 binding sites determined by DNase(More)
Although the potent environmental contaminant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) has been well known for its immunosuppressive activity, the mechanisms of its action have been difficult to elucidate. This is partly due to its inability to exert its effects in vitro. To further elucidate the underlying mechanisms of TCDD effects, we screened for(More)
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs(NSAIDs) are known as clinically effective agents for treatment of inflammatory diseases. Inhibition of cyclooxygenase has been thought to be a major facet of the pharmacological mechanism of NSAIDs. However, it is difficult to ascribe the antiinflammatory effects of NSAIDs solely to the inhibition of prostaglandin(More)
Thirty-day-old seedlings of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum cv. Kwangsoo) were treated with various cadmium (Cd) concentrations (0, 10, 50, 100, and 500 μM) for up to 20 days, and the detailed distribution of absorbed Cd and its phytotoxicity in different plant parts (root, stem, and leaves) were investigated. The accumulation of Cd in plants increased with(More)
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