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Reconstruction of the female breast following mastectomy has become commonplace. The number of donor sites have increased as the quest both for improving reconstruction and reducing morbidity continues. There are a number of donor sites which resemble breast tissue in terms of skin texture, suppleness and colour. The 'gold standard' for transfer in breast(More)
BACKGROUND Consensus on the definition of a Gustilo grade IIIC injury was sought, and the influence of vascular injuries on outcome of severe open tibial fractures was investigated. METHODS Three thousand three hundred fifty-one plastic and orthopedic surgeons were sent questionnaires to determine their interpretation of Gustilo grade IIIC injuries. Notes(More)
The lower abdominal wall has established itself as tissue that can mimic the breast to a high degree. Attention has, therefore, turned to harvesting and transferring this tissue, but with minimal donor site morbidity. We report on our experience with five transfers of this tissue based on the superficial inferior epigastric (SIE) vessels. This technique(More)
The force generated in granulation tissue during wound contraction is thought to be cell mediated; however, it is unclear whether contractile forces are generated by fibroblast locomotion or contraction of myofibroblasts. To help clarify this question the force of this contraction can now be determined accurately in a human dermal fibroblast collagen(More)
Life-threatening bleeding is uncommon following blunt facial trauma. There have been few reports in the literature describing its optimal management and a clear approach to treatment is yet to be defined. Reported strategies for control of facial haemorrhage include oro-nasal packing, external carotid artery ligation, transantral ligation of the internal(More)
The formation of restrictive adhesions around the musculotendinous unit after injury is one of the most vexing processes faced by the surgeon. In flexor tendons it has been shown that the synovial tissue is the source of aggressive fibroblasts which contribute to this process. Using a rabbit model, we have examined the effects of treating the synovial(More)
Using an animal model, the effect of a single intraoperative application of 5-fluorouracil on digital flexor tendon adhesions was assessed. After a standard partial division of the tendon and immobilization with a stitch, the synovial sheath in 30 rabbit tendons was treated with 5-fluorouracil solution (50 mg/ml)-soaked sponge pledgets for 5 minutes.(More)
BACKGROUND Soft-tissue reconstructions of the lower limb for open fractures, chronic infections and nonunion carry a high risk of infection, nonunion, osteomyelitis and amputation. Inflammatory markers can be difficult to interpret in the context of recent surgery and trauma and little is known of their behaviour. AIM To profile the behaviour of(More)
Compressive, tortional and abrasive deforming forces are translated to the limbs during high energy trauma. The long bones may be fractured in many patterns with a varying extent of fragmentation and comminution but the soft-tissues appear to absorb the forces in a predictable way. We retrospectively reviewed a series of 79 complex limb injuries treated in(More)