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Neural activity influences the patterning of synaptic connections and functional organization of developing sensory and motor systems, but the long-term consequences of intense neural activity such as seizures in the developing hippocampus are not adequately understood. To evaluate the possibility that abnormal neural activity during early development may(More)
Repeated brief seizures evoked by kindling progressively increase seizure susceptibility and eventually induce spontaneous seizures. Previous studies have demonstrated that the initial seizures evoked by kindling increase paired-pulse inhibition at 15-25 msec interpulse intervals in the dentate gyrus and also induce apoptosis, progressive neuronal loss,(More)
Seizures evoked by kainic acid and a variety of experimental methods induce sprouting of the mossy fiber pathway in the dentate gyrus. In this study, the morphological features and spatial distribution of sprouted mossy fiber axons in the dorsal dentate gyrus of kainate-treated rats were directly shown in granule cells filled in vitro with biocytin and in(More)
Because granule cells in the dentate gyrus provide a major synaptic input to pyramidal neurons in the CA3 region of the hippocampus, spike generation by granule cells is likely to have a significant role in hippocampal information processing. Granule cells normally fire in a single-spike mode even when inhibition is blocked and provide single-spike output(More)
PURPOSE Seizures in the developing brain cause less macroscopic structural damage than do seizures in adulthood, but accumulating evidence shows that seizures early in life can be associated with persistent behavioral and cognitive impairments. We previously showed that long-term spatial memory in the eight-arm radial-arm maze was impaired in rats that(More)
The anticonvulsant effects of gamma vinyl GABA (GVG) were investigated against pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) seizures, while sodium valproate (VP) was used as positive control. At 1000 and 1500 mg kg-1 GVG was found to decrease seizure intensity either in 4 or 24 h, as effectively as VP. At 2000 mg kg-1 GVG was found to be almost ineffective. At both doses and(More)
PURPOSE The transition from an interictal to an ictal pattern of epileptiform activity is a strategic target for antiepileptic drug (AED) action. Both the muscarinic agonist pilocarpine and the selective group I metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonist (RS)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) produce prolonged synchronous activity in the hippocampal(More)
The effects of the anti-epileptic drugs valproic acid and gamma-vinyl-GABA (vigabatrin) on the extracellular content of GABA was determined by microdialysis. Probes were implanted in the substantia nigra reticulata (SNR) of rats. It was found that gamma-vinyl-GABA (1000 mg/kg) induced a 4-6-fold increase in the extracellular content of GABA. This increase(More)
Pilocarpine (PILO), a muscarinic agonist, produces status epilepticus when administered to rats in vivo and induces interictal or ictal patterns of epileptiform activity in rat hippocampal slices. We investigated the effects of PILO (10 microM) on paired pulse inhibition (PPI) in the CA3 region of rat hippocampal slices. PPI was assessed by stimulating(More)
tau-Vinyl GABA (vigabatrin, GVG) is a novel antiepileptic drug that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase and elevates GABA levels in all parts of the brain. In the present study, we investigated the anxiolytic and behavioral effects of GVG in the elevated plus-maze and the hole board compared to diazepam. Doses of 500 and 1,000 mg/kg GVG were injected IP(More)