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Neural activity influences the patterning of synaptic connections and functional organization of developing sensory and motor systems, but the long-term consequences of intense neural activity such as seizures in the developing hippocampus are not adequately understood. To evaluate the possibility that abnormal neural activity during early development may(More)
Seizures evoked by kainic acid and a variety of experimental methods induce sprouting of the mossy fiber pathway in the dentate gyrus. In this study, the morphological features and spatial distribution of sprouted mossy fiber axons in the dorsal dentate gyrus of kainate-treated rats were directly shown in granule cells filled in vitro with biocytin and in(More)
Repeated brief seizures evoked by kindling progressively increase seizure susceptibility and eventually induce spontaneous seizures. Previous studies have demonstrated that the initial seizures evoked by kindling increase paired-pulse inhibition at 15-25 msec interpulse intervals in the dentate gyrus and also induce apoptosis, progressive neuronal loss,(More)
PURPOSE Seizures in the developing brain cause less macroscopic structural damage than do seizures in adulthood, but accumulating evidence shows that seizures early in life can be associated with persistent behavioral and cognitive impairments. We previously showed that long-term spatial memory in the eight-arm radial-arm maze was impaired in rats that(More)
The effects on rodent anxiety of corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF), common experimental stressors and the CRF receptor blocker, α-helical CRF, were measured using the hole board and elevated plus-maze tests. Centrally administered (intracerebroventricular, i.c.v.) CRF increased anxiety in an anxioselective manner. α-Helical CRF (i.c.v) antagonized the(More)
Gamma vinyl GABA (GVG), an irreversible GABA transaminase inhibitor, has anticonvulsant effects. GVG increases GABA levels in the brain by blocking its degradation, and is presumed to enhance GABAergic inhibition, however, in some cases it exacerbates seizures. We investigated the effects of GVG in vivo and in vitro on paired pulse inhibition (PPI) recorded(More)
Because granule cells in the dentate gyrus provide a major synaptic input to pyramidal neurons in the CA3 region of the hippocampus, spike generation by granule cells is likely to have a significant role in hippocampal information processing. Granule cells normally fire in a single-spike mode even when inhibition is blocked and provide single-spike output(More)
tau-Vinyl GABA (vigabatrin, GVG) is a novel antiepileptic drug that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase and elevates GABA levels in all parts of the brain. In the present study, we investigated the anxiolytic and behavioral effects of GVG in the elevated plus-maze and the hole board compared to diazepam. Doses of 500 and 1,000 mg/kg GVG were injected IP(More)
It has previously been reported that the noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonists ketamine and dextromethorphan suppressed the naloxone-induced morphine abstinence syndrome. In addition, the previous blockade by ketamine and dextromethorphan of NMDA receptors has been shown to intensify the naloxone-elicited morphine abstinence syndrome. On the basis of(More)
The anticonvulsant effects of gamma vinyl GABA (GVG) were investigated against pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) seizures, while sodium valproate (VP) was used as positive control. At 1000 and 1500 mg kg-1 GVG was found to decrease seizure intensity either in 4 or 24 h, as effectively as VP. At 2000 mg kg-1 GVG was found to be almost ineffective. At both doses and(More)