Umberto Senin

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AIMS Persons with high intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have lower cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The protective effect of PUFAs is mediated by multiple mechanisms, including their antiinflammatory properties. The association of physiological PUFA levels with pro- and antiinflammatory markers has not been established. METHODS AND(More)
In order to assess peripheral levels and activities of a broad spectrum of non-enzymatic and enzymatic antioxidants in elderly subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), plasma levels of water-soluble (Vitamin C and uric acid) and of lipophilic (Vitamin A, Vitamin E and carotenoids including lutein, zeaxanthin,(More)
Although recent epidemiological studies found a positive correlation between dietary vitamin C intake and bone mineral density, data on plasma levels of vitamin C or other antioxidants in osteoporotic subjects are scanty. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether antioxidant defenses are decreased in elderly osteoporotic women and, if this is the case,(More)
A role for oxidative damage in normal aging is supported by studies in experimental animals, but there is limited evidence in man. We examined markers of oxidative damage to DNA, lipids, and proteins in 66 muscle biopsy specimens from humans aged 25 to 93 years. There were age-dependent increases in 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (OH8dG), a marker of oxidative(More)
A large body of evidence supports a role of oxidative stress in Alzheimer disease (AD) and in cerebrovascular disease. A vascular component might be critical in the pathophysiology of AD, but there is a substantial lack of data regarding the simultaneous behavior of peripheral antioxidants and biomarkers of oxidative stress in AD and vascular dementia(More)
OBJECTIVES To test the effectiveness of a five-item version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) for the screening of depression in community-dwelling older subjects, hospitalized older patients, and nursing home residents. DESIGN A cross-sectional study. SETTING A geriatric acute care ward, a geriatric outpatient clinic, and a nursing home. (More)
In order to evaluate the pattern of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) in the gray and white matter of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and healthy controls, a cross-sectional study was carried out on 13 consecutive AD patients and 7 healthy older subjects who were referred to the Day-Hospital for diagnostic assessment. All examinations(More)
Oxidative damage on biological molecules has been proposed as a major cause of alterations observed in aging brain as well as in neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we measured membrane fluidity in mitochondria extracted from three cerebral regions and cerebellum of Alzheimer disease (AD) patients and age-matched controls by means of fluorescence(More)
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) represents a heterogeneous group of cognitive disturbances at high risk of dementia. The amnestic subtype (aMCI) might be a prodromal state of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this study is the identification, by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS), of modifications in brain metabolites able to detect subjects(More)
Oxidative damage to DNA may play a role in both normal aging and in neurodegenerative diseases. Using a sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay, we examined concentrations of 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (OH8dG) in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) isolated from frontal and parietal cerebral cortex and from cerebellum in 22 Huntington's disease(More)