Umberto Saffiotti

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Four clones were isolated from an adult human brain complementary DNA library with an oligonucleotide probe corresponding to the first 20 amino acids of the beta peptide of brain amyloid from Alzheimer's disease. The open reading frame of the sequenced clone coded for 97 amino acids, including the known amino acid sequence of this polypeptide. The(More)
Cytotoxicity, morphological neoplastic transformation, cellular uptake and metabolic reduction were determined in BALB/3T3 Cl A31-1-1 cells for trivalent arsenic (sodium arsenite, As3+) and for pentavalent arsenic (sodium arsenate, As5+). The levels of cellular uptake of 73As-labelled sodium arsenite and arsenate were dose-dependent and highest in the first(More)
Activated ras oncogene transfection into suitable recipient cells has been shown to induce the metastatic phenotype (Thorgeirsson, et al., Mol. Cell. Biol., 5: 259-262, 1985). We have used this model system to study the correlation of basement membrane collagenolysis with metastatic propensity. The c-Ha-ras oncogene alone, or combined with v-myc,(More)
Loss of the epithelial phenotype and disruption of adhesion molecules is a hallmark in the epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) reported in several types of cancer. Most of the studies about the relevance of adhesion and junction molecules in lung cancer have been performed using established tumors or in vitro models. The sequential molecular events(More)
A fibrogenic sample of cristobalite dust, CRIS (crystalline silica of mineral origin), was heated to 1300 degrees C (CRIS-1300) to relate induced physicochemical modifications to cytotoxicity. Heating did not affect dust micromorphology and crystallinity, except for limited sintering and decreased surface area of CRIS-1300. Thermal treatments deeply(More)
Based on the protective effects of cooked dry bean consumption in a human intervention study, we evaluated which fraction of cooked dry beans is responsible for its cancer-preventive effects. Cooked navy beans (whole beans), the insoluble fraction (bean residue) or soluble fraction of the 60% (vol:vol) ethanol extract of cooked navy beans (bean extract), or(More)
Neonatal human prostatic epithelial cells (NP-2s) were transfected by strontium phosphate coprecipitation with a plasmid (pRSV-T) containing the SV40 early region genes. The cells transfected with pRSV-T, but not the sham-transfected controls, formed rapidly growing, multilayered colonies within 2 weeks at a frequency of 1 x 10(-4) in a serum-free medium(More)
In the mouse embryo cell line BALB/3T3 Clone A31-1-1, dose-dependent morphologic neoplastic transformation was obtained with NaAsO2, Na2HAsO4, CdCl2, and K2CrO4. Cellular uptake was four fold higher for As3+ than for As5+, and As5+ was metabolized to As3+ in cytosol. Cytotoxicity and transformation rates were four fold higher for As3+ than As5+, but when(More)
Free radical generation, 2'-deoxyguanosine (dG) hydroxylation and DNA damage by vanadium(IV) reactions were investigated. Vanadium(IV) caused molecular oxygen dependent dG hydroxylation to form 8-hydroxyl-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG). During a 15 min incubation of 1.0 mM dG and 1.0 mM VOSO4 in phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.4) at room temperature under(More)