Umberto Laforenza

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Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have recently been employed in cell-based therapy (CBT) to promote neovascularization and regeneration of ischemic organs, such as heart and limbs. Furthermore, EPCs may be recruited from bone marrow by growing tumors to drive the angiogenic switch through physical engrafting into the lumen of nascent vessels or paracrine(More)
Water transport through the human digestive system is physiologically crucial for maintaining body water homeostasis and ensure digestive and absorptive functions. Within the gastrointestinal tract, water recirculates, being secreted with the digestive juices and then almost entirely absorbed by the small and large intestine. The importance of aquaporins(More)
Alternative splicing of pre-mRNAs plays an important role in generating biological and functional diversity. Neuro-oncological ventral antigen 1 (Nova1) is a neuron-specific splicing factor that controls the alternative processing of a wide array of mRNAs important for synaptic activity. It is essential for the proper development of the mammalian motor(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION In the gastrointestinal tract of mammals, water can either be secreted with digestive juices or absorbed by the small and large intestine. Transcellular water movement can be mediated by the transmembrane protein family of AQPs (aquaporins), as has also been recently identified in the gastrointestinal tract. However, the localization,(More)
Water channels AQP7 and AQP8 may be involved in transcellular water movement in the small intestine. We show that both AQP7 and AQP8 mRNA are expressed in rat small intestine. Immunoblot and immunohistochemistry experiments demonstrate that AQP7 and AQP8 proteins are present in the apical brush border membrane of intestinal epithelial cells. We investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Glycerol outflow from adipocytes has been considered for a decade to be mediated by aquaporin-7, an aquaglyceroporin highly expressed in the adipose tissue. Its involvement in glycerol metabolism has been widely studied also in humans. Recent studies in different aquaporin-7 KO mice models pose two different questions 1) the exact localization of(More)
The effect of ethanol (4.7 g/kg body wt intragastrically as a single dose or once daily for 35 days) on the levels of the thiamine metabolizing enzymes (thiamine pyrophosphokinase, TPKase; thiamine pyrophosphatase, TPPase; and monophosphatase, TMPase) was studied in different organs (liver, kidney, small intestine, heart and skeletal muscle) and nervous(More)
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) home from the bone marrow to the site of tissue regeneration and sustain neovascularization after acute vascular injury and upon the angiogenic switch in solid tumors. Therefore, they represent a suitable tool for cell-based therapy (CBT) in regenerative medicine and provide a novel promising target in the fight against(More)
Brain aging is associated with a progressive imbalance between intracellular concentration of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) and cells ability to activate defensive genes. Heat Shock Protein 70 (HSP70) has been shown to act as a fundamental defensive mechanism for neurons exposed to an oxidant challenge, and its expression decreases during senescence. In the(More)
In the intestinal lumen thiamine is in free form and very low concentrations. Absorption takes place primarily in the proximal part of the small intestine by means of a dual mechanism, which is saturable at low (physiological) concentrations and diffusive at higher. Thiamine undergoes intracellular phosphorylation mainly to thiamine pyrophosphate, while at(More)