Umberto Dianzani

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital disease characterized by defective erythroid progenitor maturation. Patients' bone marrow progenitor cells do not respond to erythropoietic growth factors, such as erythropoietin. Mutations in the gene encoding for ribosomal protein (RP) S19 account for 25% of cases of DBA. The link(More)
  • C Comi, M Leone, S Bonissoni, S DeFranco, F Bottarel, C Mezzatesta +4 others
  • 2000
BACKGROUND Fas (CD95) triggers programmed cell death and is involved in shutting off the immune response. Inherited deleterious mutations hitting Fas or its signaling pathway cause autoimmune/lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS). OBJECTIVE To assess the possibility that decreased Fas function plays a role in development of MS. METHODS The authors(More)
Osteopontin is a proinflammatory molecule, modulating TH1 and TH17 responses. Several reports suggest its involvement in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathogenesis. We previously reported that OPN gene variations at the 3' end are a predisposing factor for MS development and evolution. In this paper, we extended our analysis to a gene variation at the 5' end on(More)
Keratinocytes can be induced to produce cytokines by exogenous stimuli, such as UVB, and dysregulation of this production has been described in various skin diseases, including cancer. In this study, we compared the effect of UVB on the secretion of several cytokines involved in inflammation by human keratinocytes immortalized or not with human(More)
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is caused by genetic defects decreasing Fas function and is characterized by lymphadenopathy/splenomegaly and expansion of CD4/CD8 double-negative T cells. This latter expansion is absent in the ALPS variant named Dianzani Autoimmune/lymphoproliferative Disease (DALD). In addition to the causative mutations,(More)
Peripheral blood (PB) T cells from 56 patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) were analyzed by two- and three-color immunofluorescence (IF) to determine the expansion of distinct T-cell subsets and their relationship with the clinical and biological features of the disease. We detected the expansion of an unusual T-cell subpopulation(More)
Inducible Co-stimulator (ICOS) plays a critical role in mediating T cell differentiation and function and is considered a key player in balancing T effector and T regulatory (Treg) cell responses. Here we show that activation of the ICOS signalling pathway during acute influenza A virus (IAV) infection by application of an agonistic ICOS antibody reduced(More)
The understanding of the interactions between the immune and the nervous systems and the resultant therapeutic implications has expanded significantly in the last decade [1]. There have been significant developments in the field of neuroimmunology as new antibody-mediated disorders have been described and involvement of the immune system in the pathogenesis(More)
Osteopontin is a proinflammatory cytokine and plays a pathogenetic role in multiple sclerosis and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), by recruiting autoreactive T cells into the central nervous system. Osteopontin functions are modulated by thrombin cleavage generating N- and C-terminal fragment, whose individual roles are(More)