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Fas (CD95) is a transmembrane molecule that induces programmed cell death (PCD) of lymphocytes. We examined its function in children with chronic thrombocytopenia, serum autoantibodies, and lymphadenopathy and/or splenomegaly. We found that T-cell lines from six of seven patients with this autoimmune/lymphoproliferative disease (ALD) were relatively(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the association of osteopontin (OPN) polymorphisms with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS The coding 5' and 3' flanking regions of the OPN gene were scanned for polymorphisms by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography. A case-control association study was performed in 394 Italian SLE patients and 479 matched controls.(More)
1. The effects of L-glutamate on activation-induced cell death (AICD) of human activated (1 microg ml(-1) phytohemagglutinin plus 2 U ml(-1) interleukin-2; 8 days) T lymphocytes were studied by measuring anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (10 microg ml(-1); 18 h)-induced cell apoptosis (Annexin V and propidium iodide staining). 2. L-Glutamate (1 x 10(-8)-1 x(More)
Lymphadenopathy in children for which no infectious or malignant cause can be ascertained constitutes a challenging diagnostic dilemma. Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a human genetic disorder of lymphocyte apoptosis resulting in an accumulation of lymphocytes and childhood onset chronic lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, multilineage(More)
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative disorders, including autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) and Dianzani autoimmune lymphoproliferative disease (DALD), are inherited defects of the Fas apoptotic pathway characterized by lymphoid accumulation and autoimmune manifestations. We report the molecular, clinical, immunologic features and the long-term(More)
In sepsis, dysregulation of the immune response leads to rapid multiorgan failure and death. Accurate and timely diagnosis is lifesaving and should discriminate sepsis from the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) caused by non-infectious agents. Osteopontin acts as an extracellular matrix component or a soluble cytokine in inflamed tissues. Its(More)
BACKGROUND Fas (CD95) triggers programmed cell death and is involved in shutting off the immune response. Inherited deleterious mutations hitting Fas or its signaling pathway cause autoimmune/lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS). OBJECTIVE To assess the possibility that decreased Fas function plays a role in development of MS. METHODS The authors(More)
Peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) proliferation induced by phytohemagglutinin, or by anti-CD3 alone or plus anti-CD28 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) was inhibited by glutamate (Glu) in a concentration-dependent manner. This inhibition was not reproduced by selective ionotropic Glu receptor agonists, whereas it was potentiated by(More)
The autoimmune/lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) displays defective function of Fas, autoimmunities, lymphadenopathy/splenomegaly, and expansion of CD4/CD8 double-negative (DN) T cells. Dianzani autoimmune/lymphoproliferative disease (DALD) is an ALPS variant lacking DN cells. Both forms have been ascribed to inherited mutations hitting the Fas system but(More)