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Lymphadenopathy in children for which no infectious or malignant cause can be ascertained constitutes a challenging diagnostic dilemma. Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a human genetic disorder of lymphocyte apoptosis resulting in an accumulation of lymphocytes and childhood onset chronic lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, multilineage(More)
Osteopontin is a proinflammatory cytokine and plays a pathogenetic role in multiple sclerosis and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), by recruiting autoreactive T cells into the central nervous system. Osteopontin functions are modulated by thrombin cleavage generating N- and C-terminal fragment, whose individual roles are(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is an inflammatory cytokine highly expressed in multiple sclerosis (MS) plaques. In a previous work, we showed that four OPN polymorphisms form three haplotypes (A, B, and C) and that homozygotes for haplotype-A display lower OPN levels than non-AA subjects. In this work, we evaluated the distribution of these OPN haplotypes in 425 MS(More)
Immune reactions inside the central nervous system are finely regulated, thanks to the presence of several checkpoints that have the fundamental purpose to preserve this fragile tissue form harmful events. The current knowledge on the role of neuroinflammation and neuro-immune interactions in the fields of multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital disease characterized by defective erythroid progenitor maturation. Patients' bone marrow progenitor cells do not respond to erythropoietic growth factors, such as erythropoietin. Mutations in the gene encoding for ribosomal protein (RP) S19 account for 25% of cases of DBA. The link(More)
BACKGROUND Fas (CD95) triggers programmed cell death and is involved in shutting off the immune response. Inherited deleterious mutations hitting Fas or its signaling pathway cause autoimmune/lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS). OBJECTIVE To assess the possibility that decreased Fas function plays a role in development of MS. METHODS The authors(More)
Fas (CD95) is a transmembrane molecule that induces programmed cell death (PCD) of lymphocytes. We examined its function in children with chronic thrombocytopenia, serum autoantibodies, and lymphadenopathy and/or splenomegaly. We found that T-cell lines from six of seven patients with this autoimmune/lymphoproliferative disease (ALD) were relatively(More)
Human ICOS is a T cell costimulatory molecule supporting IL10 secretion. A pilot study investigating variations of the ICOS gene 3'UTR detected 8 polymorphisms forming three haplotypes (A, B, C). Haplotype-A and -C displayed the highest difference. Activated T cells from healthy AA homozygotes expressed significantly less ICOS and secreted more IL10 than AC(More)
Macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC/CCL22) plays a role in Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis (EAE), the animal model of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). MDC/CCL22 gene is part of a chemokine cluster, which includes also thymus and Activation-Regulated Chemokine (TARC/CCL17). The frequency of the C/T and C/A Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in the(More)
Mutations decreasing function of the Fas death receptor cause the autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) with autoimmune manifestations, spleen/lymph node enlargement, and expansion of CD4/CD8-negative T cells. Dianzani Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Disease (DALD) is a variant lacking this expansion. Perforin is involved in cell-mediated(More)