Umberto Dianzani

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Lymphadenopathy in children for which no infectious or malignant cause can be ascertained constitutes a challenging diagnostic dilemma. Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a human genetic disorder of lymphocyte apoptosis resulting in an accumulation of lymphocytes and childhood onset chronic lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, multilineage(More)
Fas (CD95) is a transmembrane molecule that induces programmed cell death (PCD) of lymphocytes. We examined its function in children with chronic thrombocytopenia, serum autoantibodies, and lymphadenopathy and/or splenomegaly. We found that T-cell lines from six of seven patients with this autoimmune/lymphoproliferative disease (ALD) were relatively(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the association of osteopontin (OPN) polymorphisms with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS The coding 5' and 3' flanking regions of the OPN gene were scanned for polymorphisms by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography. A case-control association study was performed in 394 Italian SLE patients and 479 matched controls.(More)
In sepsis, dysregulation of the immune response leads to rapid multiorgan failure and death. Accurate and timely diagnosis is lifesaving and should discriminate sepsis from the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) caused by non-infectious agents. Osteopontin acts as an extracellular matrix component or a soluble cytokine in inflamed tissues. Its(More)
Human CD38 is a cell surface molecule involved in the regulation of lymphocyte adhesion to endothelial cells. This suggests that HUVEC bear a ligand(s) for CD38 on the cell surface. By means of the mAb Moon-1, which specifically inhibits CD38-mediated cell adhesion, we have identified a trans-membrane 130-kDa molecule acting as a ligand for CD38. Here, we(More)
1. The effects of L-glutamate on activation-induced cell death (AICD) of human activated (1 microg ml(-1) phytohemagglutinin plus 2 U ml(-1) interleukin-2; 8 days) T lymphocytes were studied by measuring anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (10 microg ml(-1); 18 h)-induced cell apoptosis (Annexin V and propidium iodide staining). 2. L-Glutamate (1 x 10(-8)-1 x(More)
BACKGROUND Fas (CD95) triggers programmed cell death and is involved in shutting off the immune response. Inherited deleterious mutations hitting Fas or its signaling pathway cause autoimmune/lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS). OBJECTIVE To assess the possibility that decreased Fas function plays a role in development of MS. METHODS The authors(More)
Inflammation is believed to play a role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Osteopontin (OPN) is a molecule involved in macrophage recruitment and activation and implicated in neurodegeneration. In order to elucidate the role of OPN in AD, we evaluated its levels in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 67 AD patients, 46 frontotemporal dementia (FTD) patients,(More)
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative disorders, including autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) and Dianzani autoimmune lymphoproliferative disease (DALD), are inherited defects of the Fas apoptotic pathway characterized by lymphoid accumulation and autoimmune manifestations. We report the molecular, clinical, immunologic features and the long-term(More)