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BACKGROUND Fas (CD95) triggers programmed cell death and is involved in shutting off the immune response. Inherited deleterious mutations hitting Fas or its signaling pathway cause autoimmune/lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS). OBJECTIVE To assess the possibility that decreased Fas function plays a role in development of MS. METHODS The authors(More)
OBJECTIVE In sepsis, dysregulation of the immune response leads to rapid multiorgan failure and death. Accurate and timely diagnosis is lifesaving and should discriminate sepsis from the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) caused by non-infectious agents. Osteopontin acts as an extracellular matrix component or a soluble cytokine in inflamed(More)
1. The effects of L-glutamate on activation-induced cell death (AICD) of human activated (1 microg ml(-1) phytohemagglutinin plus 2 U ml(-1) interleukin-2; 8 days) T lymphocytes were studied by measuring anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (10 microg ml(-1); 18 h)-induced cell apoptosis (Annexin V and propidium iodide staining). 2. L-Glutamate (1 x 10(-8)-1 x(More)
Fas (CD95) is a transmembrane molecule that induces programmed cell death (PCD) of lymphocytes. We examined its function in children with chronic thrombocytopenia, serum autoantibodies, and lymphadenopathy and/or splenomegaly. We found that T-cell lines from six of seven patients with this autoimmune/lymphoproliferative disease (ALD) were relatively(More)
Lymphadenopathy in children for which no infectious or malignant cause can be ascertained constitutes a challenging diagnostic dilemma. Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a human genetic disorder of lymphocyte apoptosis resulting in an accumulation of lymphocytes and childhood onset chronic lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, multilineage(More)
Several sets of data indicate that ICOS regulates cytokine production in activated T cells, but is less effective on naïve T cells. This work evaluates ICOS function in human naïve CD4+ T cells through an assessment of the effect of soluble forms of the ICOS and CD28 physiological ligands on activation driven by anti-CD3 mAb. ICOS strikingly potentiated(More)
Fas (CD95) triggers programmed cell death and is involved in cell-mediated cytotoxicity and in shutting off the immune response. Inherited loss-of-function mutations hitting the Fas system cause the autoimmune/lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS). We have recently shown that ALPS patients' families display increased frequency of common autoimmune diseases,(More)
Perforin (PRF) has a key role in the function of cytotoxic T and natural killer cells. Rare variations of PRF1 predispose to autoimmunity. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is an autoimmune disease of the peripheral nervous system, involving defective lymphocyte apoptosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of(More)
The Fas death receptor is expressed by activated lymphocytes and is involved in switching-off the immune response. Its inherited defects cause auto-immune lymphoproliferative syndrome. Impaired Fas function may also play a role in other auto-immune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and type 1 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this work was to evaluate Fas(More)
Macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC/CCL22) plays a role in Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis (EAE), the animal model of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). MDC/CCL22 gene is part of a chemokine cluster, which includes also thymus and Activation-Regulated Chemokine (TARC/CCL17). The frequency of the C/T and C/A Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in the(More)