Umberto Basile

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We report an association between histologically confirmed progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) and an extremely rare humoral immunodeficiency disease, Franklin disease. In our patient, clinical presentation has been typical and prompted us, together with radiological findings, to perform a brain biopsy to confirm the diagnosis even if there was(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-nuclear antibodies are immunoglobulins directed against nuclear antigens. They are associated with many autoimmune disorders, but are frequently found in patients infected with hepatitis C virus, possibly indicating an underlying common origin. Likewise, mixed cryoglobulinemia often accompanies autoimmune diseases and hepatitis C infection.(More)
BACKGROUND HCV can lead to both chronic liver disease and B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. A strong association exists between HCV and mixed cryoglobulinaemia (MC). METHODS Anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), rheumatoid factor Ig-G (RF-IgG), free light chain κ and λ (FLC-κ, FLC-λ) levels and κ/λ ratio were evaluated in 50/420 subjects unexpectedly(More)
BACKGROUND Monoclonal gammopathies encompass a wide range of diseases characterized by the monoclonal expansion of a B-cell clone. Despite emerging therapeutic strategies, chances of survival of patients who are affected are still scarce, which implies that new tools are necessary not only for the diagnosis but also for the follow-up of patients affected by(More)
The critical relevance of the lysosomal compartment for normal cellular function can be proved by numbering the clinical phenotypes that arise in lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs), a group of around 70 different monogenic autosomal or X-linked syndromes, caused by specific lysosomal enzyme deficiencies: all LSDs are characterized by progressive(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mixed cryoglobulinaemia (MC) is an HCV-related lymphoproliferative disorder characterized by the presence of circulating immune complexes called cryoglobulins. Treatment with anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab is proved to be very useful, especially in patients ineligible to interferon-based antiviral therapy. Recently, free light(More)
BACKGROUND In order to establish a diagnosis of monoclonal gammopathy, it is necessary to detect and identify monoclonal components. To confirm the immunological nature of the proteins, the next step is to define their composition in heavy and light chains using immunofixation. The purpose of this study was to compare two different instruments, one(More)
OBJECTIVES A new rapid, automatic, and sensitive screening test useful to detect cryoglobulins in serum samples is proposed. DESIGN AND METHODS The increase of turbidity during the cryoglobulin aggregation was monitored spectrophotometrically in sera from 400 patients with clinical evidence of cryoglobulinemia related disorders and 100 controls. Results(More)
The production of antibodies is accompanied by a slight excess of synthesis of κ and λ immunoglobulin light chains; small amounts of them are released in the peripheral blood and can also be found in various body fluids, such as synovial fluid, cerebrospinal fluid, urine and saliva. They are rapidly filtered by the glomerulus and >99% are reabsorbed from(More)