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We report an association between histologically confirmed progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) and an extremely rare humoral immunodeficiency disease, Franklin disease. In our patient, clinical presentation has been typical and prompted us, together with radiological findings, to perform a brain biopsy to confirm the diagnosis even if there was(More)
BACKGROUND HCV can lead to both chronic liver disease and B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. A strong association exists between HCV and mixed cryoglobulinaemia (MC). METHODS Anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), rheumatoid factor Ig-G (RF-IgG), free light chain κ and λ (FLC-κ, FLC-λ) levels and κ/λ ratio were evaluated in 50/420 subjects unexpectedly(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mixed cryoglobulinaemia (MC) is an HCV-related lymphoproliferative disorder characterized by the presence of circulating immune complexes called cryoglobulins. Treatment with anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab is proved to be very useful, especially in patients ineligible to interferon-based antiviral therapy. Recently, free light(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-nuclear antibodies are immunoglobulins directed against nuclear antigens. They are associated with many autoimmune disorders, but are frequently found in patients infected with hepatitis C virus, possibly indicating an underlying common origin. Likewise, mixed cryoglobulinemia often accompanies autoimmune diseases and hepatitis C infection.(More)
HCV is a hepatotropic and lymphotropic virus and is the most frequent cause of "benign" mono-oligoclonal B-lymphocyte proliferation, observed in mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC). The study aims to investigate the presence, prevalence and characteristics of the subclasses of cryoglobulins in HCV-patients to look for a relationship with MC. Fifty HCV-infected(More)
Cryoglobulins are immunoglobulins that precipitate in serum at temperatures below 37°C and resolubilize upon warming. The clinical syndrome of cryoglobulinemia usually includes purpura, weakness, and arthralgia, but the underlying disease may also contribute other symptoms. Blood samples for cryoglobulin are collected, transported, clotted and spun at 37°C,(More)
The critical relevance of the lysosomal compartment for normal cellular function can be proved by numbering the clinical phenotypes that arise in lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs), a group of around 70 different monogenic autosomal or X-linked syndromes, caused by specific lysosomal enzyme deficiencies: all LSDs are characterized by progressive(More)