Umberto Aguglia

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PURPOSE To prospectively assess sensitivity and specificity of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging measurements of midbrain, pons, middle cerebellar peduncles (MCPs), and superior cerebellar peduncles (SCPs) for differentiating progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) from Parkinson disease (PD) and Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P), with(More)
Porencephaly is a rare neurological disease, typically manifest in infants, which is characterized by the existence of degenerative cavities in the brain. To investigate the molecular pathogenesis of porencephaly, we studied a mouse mutant that develops porencephaly secondary to focal disruptions of vascular basement membranes. Half of the mutant mice died(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) often have mild drug-responsive epilepsy which is frequently associated with MRI detectable mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS), indicating that MTS is not necessarily related to seizure severity. To better define the anatomic substrates associated with TLE, we applied voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis(More)
BACKGROUND Dysfunction of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) (B) receptors has been implicated in the pathogenesis of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). OBJECTIVE To evaluate the genetic contribution of cloned human GABA(B) receptors to TLE. METHODS The authors genotyped 141 patients (78 women and 63 men; mean age = 49.1 +/- 18.0 years) with nonlesional TLE and(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leucoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a cause of hereditary cerebrovascular disease. It results from mutations in the Notch3 gene, a large gene with 33 exons. A cluster of mutations around exons 3 and 4 was originally reported and limited scanning of these exons was suggested for(More)
The clinical relevance of a long-duration response (LDR) to levodopa therapy in Parkinson's disease (PD) has not been widely recognized. In 25 patients with moderate PD, we measured LDR on motor function after short periods of treatment with levodopa (subacute tests). Each subacute test lasted 15 days and consisted of the oral administration of levodopa at(More)
The molecular basis of Kufs disease is unknown, whereas a series of genes accounting for most of the childhood-onset forms of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL) have been identified. Diagnosis of Kufs disease is difficult because the characteristic lipopigment is largely confined to neurons and can require a brain biopsy or autopsy for final diagnosis. We(More)
We retrospectively reviewed clinical and neurophysiological data of 6 epileptic patients who developed negative myoclonus and stupor a few days after introduction of valproate (VPA). Prompt remission of clinical signs and symptoms followed valproate withdrawal. We attempted to elucidate the pathophysiological mechanism of VPA-induced stupor and provide(More)
Vertical and horizontal saccadic (SEMv, SEMh) and smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEM) were recorded in 66 normal subjects of different ages using a computerized system. No difference was found in SEMh recordings for the right versus the left eye or for gaze direction. In contrast, SEMv recordings of upgaze vs. downgaze showed a significant difference in(More)