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Porencephaly is a rare neurological disease, typically manifest in infants, which is characterized by the existence of degenerative cavities in the brain. To investigate the molecular pathogenesis of porencephaly, we studied a mouse mutant that develops porencephaly secondary to focal disruptions of vascular basement membranes. Half of the mutant mice died(More)
BACKGROUND Dysfunction of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) (B) receptors has been implicated in the pathogenesis of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). OBJECTIVE To evaluate the genetic contribution of cloned human GABA(B) receptors to TLE. METHODS The authors genotyped 141 patients (78 women and 63 men; mean age = 49.1 +/- 18.0 years) with nonlesional TLE and(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) often have mild drug-responsive epilepsy which is frequently associated with MRI detectable mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS), indicating that MTS is not necessarily related to seizure severity. To better define the anatomic substrates associated with TLE, we applied voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis(More)
Specific variations in the prion protein gene (PRNP) are associated with, and prevalent in patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and influence the surgical outcome. We investigated whether or not the PRNP gene is a susceptibility gene in temporal lobe epileptic patients with mild epilepsy. We systematically screened the entire open reading(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether there is MRI-detectable mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) in patients with sporadic benign temporal lobe epilepsy (BTLE). METHODS Brain MRIs were obtained from 101 consecutive, unrelated patients (51 women; mean age 37.3 +/- 17.5 years; range 10 to 83 years) with BTLE, who reported rarely or never having had seizures at the(More)
PURPOSE Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are among the most common clinical manifestations of conversion disorder and consist of paroxysmal behavior that resembles epileptic seizures. Preliminary data from functional neuroimaging studies gave plausible evidence that limbic circuits and sensorimotor cortex might be engaged in conversion disorder.(More)
Two functional polymorphisms, a 44bp insertion/deletion polymorphism in the 5' regulatory region and a variable number of tandem repeat polymorphisms in the second intron of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTT), were previously identified and suggested to modulate transcription. The current study was designed to determine the contribution of these(More)
Vertical and horizontal saccadic (SEMv, SEMh) and smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEM) were recorded in 66 normal subjects of different ages using a computerized system. No difference was found in SEMh recordings for the right versus the left eye or for gaze direction. In contrast, SEMv recordings of upgaze vs. downgaze showed a significant difference in(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leucoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a cause of hereditary cerebrovascular disease. It results from mutations in the Notch3 gene, a large gene with 33 exons. A cluster of mutations around exons 3 and 4 was originally reported and limited scanning of these exons was suggested for(More)