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A number of organic molecules which contain the 1,5-diaryl-3-oxo-1,4-pentadienyl group, referred to hereafter as the dienone moiety, have antineoplastic properties. Emphasis is made on the attachment of this structural moiety to several molecular scaffolds, namely piperidines, N-acylpiperidines, cycloalkanes and 3,4-dihydro-1H-napthalenes. Many of these(More)
A series of 3-benzylidene-4-chromanones 1a-l were prepared and their cytotoxicity towards human Molt 4/C8 and CEM T-lymphocytes as well as murine L1210 lymphoid leukemia cells were compared to the previously generated biodata in these three assays for the isosteric 2-benzylidene-1-tetralones 2a-l. Over 40% of the compounds in series 1 were more potent than(More)
Two novel series of dimeric 3,5-bis(arylidene)-4-piperidones 7 and 8 were prepared as cytotoxic agents. A specific objective of this study was the discovery of novel compounds displaying potent anti-proliferative activities against colon cancers. Most of the compounds demonstrate potent cytotoxicity against HCT116 and HT29 colon cancer cell lines in which(More)
A series of 3,5-bis(benzylidene)-4-piperidones 3 were converted into the corresponding 3,5-bis(benzylidene)-1-phosphono-4-piperidones 5 via diethyl esters 4. The analogues in series 4 and 5 displayed marked growth inhibitory properties toward human Molt 4/C8 and CEM T-lymphocytes as well as murine leukemia L1210 cells. In general, the N-phosphono compounds(More)
N-myristoyltransferase (NMT) is an essential eukaryotic enzyme which catalyzes the transfer of the myristoyl group to the terminal glycine residue of a number of proteins including those involved in signal transduction and apoptotic pathways. Myristoylation is crucial for the cellular proliferation process and is required for the growth and development in a(More)
Various classes of cytotoxic compounds which alkylate cellular thiols are described namely alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones, alpha-methylene-gamma-lactones, azines of Mannich bases, imexon, isothiocyanates, a benzoacronycine as well as activation by thiols prior to alkylation. The mechanisms of action of some of the molecules, such as the formation of(More)
The incorporation of the 1-aryl-5-(4-nitrophenyl)-3-oxo-1,4-pentadienyl group into 3,4-dihydro-1H-naphthalenyl, cyclohexyl, 2,3-dihydro-1H-indenyl and cyclopentyl scaffolds led to the discovery of various compounds with selective toxicity for malignant cells and ability to reverse multidrug resistance.
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the most malignant human tumors, with a uniformly poor outcome. One obstacle in curing malignant brain tumors is the limitation of conventional light microscopy in detecting microscopic residual tumor in biopsy samples from the perimeter of the surgically resected tumor. We further refined the identification of GBM(More)
Various bis (3-aryl-3-oxo-propyl)methylamine hydrochlorides 1 and their corresponding structural and non-classical isomers 4-aryl-3-arylcarbonyl-1-methyl-4-piperidinols 3 were evaluated against human leukemic T (Jurkat) cells and found to possess significant cytotoxicity. Among the series 1 (bis-Mannich bases) and 3 (corresponding piperidinols), compounds(More)
JAK3 is a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase with limited tissue expression but is readily found in activated T cells. Patients lacking JAK3 are immune compromised, suggesting that JAK3 represents a therapeutic target for immunosuppression. Herein, we show that a Mannich base, NC1153, blocked IL-2-induced activation of JAK3 and its downstream substrates STAT5a/b(More)