Umaporn Siangphoe

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OBJECTIVES The extent to which highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era cognitive disorders are due to active processes, incomplete clearance of reservoirs, or comorbidities is controversial. This study aimed to determine if immunologic and virologic factors influence cognition after first-time HAART in Thai individuals with HIV-associated dementia(More)
This research is a cross-sectional study to determine the frequency of neurocognitive impairment and psychiatric comorbidity among Thais maintained on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with undetectable plasma human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) RNA in the 2NN Cohort. Sixty-four subjects were evaluated with neurological examinations,(More)
International studies of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) are needed to determine the viral and host factors associated with cognitive impairment particularly as more than 80% of HIV+ subjects reside in resource-limited settings. Recent diagnostic nomenclature of HAND requires comparison of cognitive performance specifically to local normative(More)
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) persist despite plasma HIV RNA suppression with antiretrovirals (ARV). Sequestered reservoirs in the central nervous system and circulating monocytes are theorized to contribute to persistent brain injury. We previously demonstrated that elevated intracellular HIV DNA from circulating cells was associated with(More)
BACKGROUND The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that tuberculosis (TB) patients receive directly observed therapy (DOT). Randomized controlled trials have not consistently shown that this practice improves TB treatment success rates. In Thailand, one of 22 WHO-designated high burden TB countries, patients may have TB treatment observed by a health(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the feasibility of a large immediate versus deferred antiretroviral therapy (ART) study in children. METHODS We conducted an open-label pilot randomized clinical trial study in 43 Thai children with CD4 15 to 24% of starting generic AZT/3TC/NVP immediately (Arm 1) or deferring until CD4 < 15% or CDC C (Arm 2). Primary endpoints were(More)
BACKGROUND Limited data exist for the efficacy of second-line antiretroviral therapy among children in resource limited settings. We assessed the virologic response to protease inhibitor-based ART after failing first-line non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based regimens. METHODS A retrospective chart review was conducted at 8 Thai(More)
OBJECTIVES Indinavir is associated with nephrotoxicity. Therapeutic drug monitoring of indinavir improves clinical outcome, but there is little data regarding therapeutic drug monitoring for patients with established indinavir-associated renal impairment. We prospectively studied the use of therapeutic drug monitoring in patients with virological success(More)
The prevalence of nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) mutations was determined among 95 human immunodeficiency virus-infected Thai children who were treated with dual nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors. Almost all children had resistance to at least 1 NRTI, and approximately half of the children had resistance to multiple NRTIs.(More)
Generalized additive models (GAMs) with bivariate smoothing functions have been applied to estimate spatial variation in risk for many types of cancers. Only a handful of studies have evaluated the performance of smoothing functions applied in GAMs with regard to different geographical areas of elevated risk and different risk levels. This study evaluates(More)
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