Umang Sharma

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We have studied a woman with transfusion-acquired HIV who appears to have contained infectious virus to consistently undetectable levels over a 13-year period without antiviral treatment. She received the infected transfusion for intra- and postpartum blood loss immediately after delivery of her second child in 1981. She had no acute febrile syndrome and(More)
The precise timing and mechanism of in utero human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are unknown, but transplacental transmission is likely. Term placentas from HIV+ pregnancies contain only rare HIV-infected cells whose origins and phenotypes remain controversial, and no correlation has been found between the presence of HIV in term placentas and(More)
Chemokines have been implicated as protective factors against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, competing for binding to receptors that also function as coreceptors for HIV. In this study of HIV-positive donors, peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) culture resistance to endogenous and exogenous HIV correlated with low plasma viremia and high(More)
Replication of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) isolates in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) has been studied by in situ hybridization using the riboprobe BH10-R3 from HTLV-IIIB. Two series of isolates were tested: (a) 20 isolates from individuals with varying severity of HIV-1 infection and (b) sequential isolates from 5 subjects(More)
Insulin-like growth factor type I (IGF-I) has been used as a treatment for cachexia in adults with AIDS and has been reported to show inhibitory activity against HIV-1IIIB in cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMCs) in vitro at low-concentration (1%) fetal bovine serum (FCS). We evaluated the effect of IGF-I on MN, IIIB, and BaL strains, as well as on a patient(More)
Disseminated Mycobacterium avium infections are common in patients with AIDS and result in a reduced life expectancy. Human monocytes/macrophages are important target cells for both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and M. avium. We have studied the interaction in vitro of M. avium and HIV type 1 (HIV-1) in human macrophages. Human monocytes isolated from(More)
Standard isolation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) requires 5 to 20 ml of blood, and the centrifugal separation of PBMC is expensive and time-consuming. Whole-blood coculture techniques use small sample volumes, do not require centrifugation, and allow measurement of the total viral burden in(More)
Walnut (Juglans regia L., Juglandaceae) is traditionally used for the treatment of various common ailments including tuberculosis, tuberculosis of the cervical glands, and cancer [1, 2]. The bark of J. regia contains juglone along with numerous bioactive polyphenols [3, 4]. Although there have been many reports on several biological activities of J. regia(More)
The factors controlling the dynamics of HIV-1 transmission from mother to infant are not clearly known. Previous studies have suggested the existence of maternal and placental protective mechanisms that inhibit viral replication in utero. Preliminary studies from our laboratory revealed that supernatant from placental stromal cells protected HIV-1-infected(More)
Human erythrocytes bearing electroinserted full-length CD4 (RBC-CD4) can bind and fuse with a laboratory strain of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) or with T cells infected by HIV-1. Here we show that RBC-CD4 neutralize primary HIV-1 strains in an assay of cocultivation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from HIV-1-infected persons with(More)