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RNA localization is an important mechanism for generating cellular diversity and polarity in the early embryo. In Xenopus, the correct localization of the RNA encoding the T-box transcription factor VegT is essential for the correct spatial organization and identity of endoderm and mesoderm. Although localization signals in the 3' UTR have been identified(More)
The Cell Line Ontology (CLO) is a community-based ontology in the domain of biological cell lines with a focus on permanent cell lines from culture collections. Upper ontology structures that frame the skeleton of CLO include the Basic Formal Ontology and Relation Ontology. Cell lines contained in CLO are associated with terms from other ontologies such as(More)
Although the role of cytochrome c in apoptosis is well established, details of its participation in signaling pathways in vivo are not completely understood. The knockout for the somatic isoform of cytochrome c caused embryonic lethality in mice, but derived embryonic fibroblasts were shown to be resistant to apoptosis induced by agents known to trigger the(More)
BACKGROUND High-throughput screening (HTS) is one of the main strategies to identify novel entry points for the development of small molecule chemical probes and drugs and is now commonly accessible to public sector research. Large amounts of data generated in HTS campaigns are submitted to public repositories such as PubChem, which is growing at an(More)
Members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily play various roles during development in both vertebrates and invertebrates. Two isoforms, TGF-beta2 and -beta5, have been isolated from Xenopus laevis. We describe here the localization of TGF-beta5 mRNA in early embryos of X. laevis, assessed by whole-mount in situ hybridization. The(More)
Cytochrome c (cyt c) is a heme-containing protein that participates in electron transport in the respiratory chain and as a signaling molecule in the apoptotic cascade. Here we addressed the effect of removing mammalian cyt c on the integrity of the respiratory complexes in mammalian cells. Mitochondria from cyt c knockout mouse cells lacked fully assembled(More)
High-throughput screening data repositories, such as PubChem, represent valuable resources for the development of small-molecule chemical probes and can serve as entry points for drug discovery programs. Although the loose data format offered by PubChem allows for great flexibility, important annotations, such as the assay format and technologies employed,(More)
The National Institutes of Health Library of Integrated Network-based Cellular Signatures (LINCS) program is generating extensive multidimensional data sets, including biochemical, genome-wide transcriptional, and phenotypic cellular response signatures to a variety of small-molecule and genetic perturbations with the goal of creating a sustainable, widely(More)
The lack of established standards to describe and annotate biological assays and screening outcomes in the domain of drug and chemical probe discovery is a severe limitation to utilize public and proprietary drug screening data to their maximum potential. We have created the BioAssay Ontology (BAO) project (http://bioassayontology.org) to develop common(More)
Oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) deficiency results in a number of human diseases, affecting at least one in 5000 of the general population. Altering the function of genes by mutations are central to our understanding their function. Prior to the development of gene targeting, this approach was limited to rare spontaneous mutations that resulted in a(More)