Uma Ramanathan

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OBJECTIVE To estimate the rate of development of active tuberculosis (TB) in a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients, and to identify the characteristics of these patients. DESIGN A total of 175 HIV-positive individuals were recruited from clinics for sexually transmitted diseases and followed up for 31 +/- 6.8 months. Clinical(More)
The HIV epidemic in the Asian subcontinent has a significant impact on India. Patients with AIDS have an increased risk of developing non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). In this study, we have investigated the pattern of distribution of lymphoid neoplasms and also studied the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-association and p53 expression in 35 HIV-positive patients from(More)
Viable bacterial populations were estimated in bacilli purified from 105 biopsies from 40 untreated and 65 multibacillary leprosy patients treated with multidrug therapy (MDT) for varying periods. The bacilli were purified and viability was determined by ATP content, morphological index (MI), and fluorescein diacetate-ethidium bromide (FDA-EB) staining.(More)
It is held that immune complexes (IC) play a vital role in the pathogenesis of some of the reactions in leprosy. The complement system is known to solubilize and render IC innocuous. We have previously shown that patients undergoing lepra reactions had lowered complement-mediated IC solubilization (CMS). We, therefore, undertook a prospective study of(More)
Three multidrug regimens all containing rifampin and dapsone have been tried for the treatment of 278 cases of paucibacillary leprosy. Regimen I was the one recommended by the WHO Study Group. Regimen II was the same as Regimen I with depsone alone continued for a further 6 months. Regimen III was the same as Regimen II but rifampin was given daily for the(More)
Three regimens containing rifampin have been tried in paucibacillary leprosy patients. The patients were selected according to the criteria laid down by the World Health Organization (WHO). In Regimen I, rifampin 600 mg is given once a month for 6 months with dapsone 100 mg daily. Treatment is stopped at the end of 6 months. Regimen II is the same as(More)
Different regimens containing Rifampicin have been tried in treating paucibacillary leprosy patients. In our study we have studied three regimens. Regimen I consists of treating patients with Rifampicin 600 mg once a month for six months combined with Dapsone 100mg daily and treatment is stopped at six months. Regimen II is same as regimen I except that(More)
56 lepromatous leprosy patients with an initial average BI of 4.45 were administered once a month 600 mg of Rifampicin, 100 mg of Clofazimine on alternate days and 100 mg of Dapsone daily. None of these patients became smear negative in 2 years, and the same regimen was continued further. Two patients have become negative in 3 years and treatment has been(More)
A regimen consisting of 600 mg of rifampin once a month, 100 mg of clofazimine on alternate days, and 100 mg of dapsone daily was used in 56 untreated, highly bacillated borderline lepromatous/lepromatous (BL/LL) patients with an average bacterial index (BI) of 4.45. Treatment was continued until skin-smear negativity. After 2 years of therapy, none of the(More)
A study was conducted to assess the attitude of Doctors to working in leprosy. 35 subjects were studied using a questionnaire to tap the various areas of leprosy work. The results indicated that although a majority of the doctors were interested in the specialty and considered that they had been trained well there was evidence of inadequate knowledge in 33%(More)