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Tumor heterogeneity of high-grade glioma (HGG) is recognized by four clinically relevant subtypes based on core gene signatures. However, molecular signaling in glioma stem cells (GSCs) in individual HGG subtypes is poorly characterized. Here we identified and characterized two mutually exclusive GSC subtypes with distinct dysregulated signaling pathways.(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate cancer is characterized by heterogeneity in the clinical course that often does not correlate with morphologic features of the tumor. Metastasis reflects the most adverse outcome of prostate cancer, and to date there are no reliable morphologic features or serum biomarkers that can reliably predict which patients are at higher risk of(More)
BACKGROUND Ezrin-radixin-moesin-binding phosphoprotein 50 (EBP50) is an adapter protein which has been shown to play an active role in a wide variety of cellular processes, including interactions with proteins related to both tumor suppression and oncogenesis. Here we use immunohistochemistry to evaluate EBP50's expression in normal donor prostate (NDP),(More)
The synthesis and release of GnRH within a specific subset of neurons in the hypothalamus, which serves as the primary drive to the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis, is subject to various levels of control. Although a number of direct synaptic connections to GnRH-containing neurons have been identified, which presumably provide some regulatory(More)
BACKGROUND Typical high throughput microarrays experiments compare gene expression across two specimen classes - an experimental class and baseline (or comparison) class. The choice of specimen classes is a major factor in the differential gene expression patterns revealed by these experiments. In most studies of prostate cancer, histologically malignant(More)
Two morphologically distinct subpopulations of GT1-7 cells have been characterized and examined for their responsiveness to glucocorticoids. Type I cells have a neuronal phenotype, extending many lengthy processes, and express neuronal, but not glial, markers. Type II cells show weaker or negative immunostaining for neuronal markers and exhibit fewer(More)
The GT1-7 cell line, derived from gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons of the mouse hypothalamus, has provided a useful system for the analysis of GnRH gene regulation. We have used these cells to examine the mechanism of glucocorticoid repression of GnRH gene transcription. One GnRH negative glucocorticoid response element (nGRE) that contributes(More)
One of the major components in high-fat diets (Western diet) is the omega (omega, n)-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) called linoleic acid (LA). Linoleic acid is the precursor for arachidonic acid (AA). These fatty acids are metabolized to an array of eicosanoids and prostaglandins depending upon the enzymes in the pathway. Aberrant expression of the(More)
BACKGROUND Studies integrating transcriptomic data with proteomic data can illuminate the proteome more clearly than either separately. Integromic studies can deepen understanding of the dynamic complex regulatory relationship between the transcriptome and the proteome. Integrating these data dictates a reliable mapping between the identifier nomenclature(More)
BACKGROUND Some members of the Protein 4.1 superfamily are believed to be involved in cell proliferation and growth, or in the regulation of these processes. While the expression levels of two members of this family, radixin and moesin, have been studied in many tumor types, to our knowledge they have not been investigated in prostate cancer. METHODS(More)