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PURPOSE Tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), a pro-inflammatory cytokine has been implicated in the pathophysiology of several viral infections. TNF-α promoter gene polymorphism is thus believed to play the modulating role in this disease pathogenesis. Several studies have shown the increased level of TNF-α in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, the role of(More)
This is the case report of a 14-year young female who was diagnosed with solitary bone plasmacytoma (SBP) of proximal tibia and was treated by local involved field radiotherapy. We present the clinical, radiological and pathological findings of the case and review of the available treatment options and prognosis of this rare site presentation of(More)
BACKGROUND Xanthogranulomatous osteomyelitis often presents as a severe chronic inflammation associated with pain, fever, and leukocytosis. It may mimic carcinoma in the involved organs. CASE PRESENTATION A 50-year-old post-menopausal woman presented with a 2 year history of increasing swelling in the extensor aspect of her right forearm. Plain X-ray(More)
While the molecular basis of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) remains uncertain, concrete evidence is emerging that sarcomeric and cytoskeleton gene expression of myocardium isolated from failing versus non-failing patients differ dramatically. The central aim to this work was to find out the possible role of dystrophin and titin along with the TNF-α in the(More)
BACKGROUND Secondary syphilis can have protean clinical manifestations and can present with unusual lesions, which may go unrecognized. METHODS We report two cases of secondary syphilis with annular lichenoid plaques on the scrotum associated with generalized lymphadenopathy, fever, and malaise. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS The serology revealed a reactive(More)
Background Increased levels of TNF-α, IL-6, their soluble receptors, and NT-proBNP have been observed in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). In the present study, we assessed the possible involvement of proinflammatory cytokines and their soluble receptors with and without recovery of LV function in DCM patients. Methods and results Forty patients(More)
The role of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology in the evaluation of thyroid lesions in not as well established in children when compared with adults. Hence we aimed to ascertain the utility and limitations of FNA in childhood thyroid lesions. This was a retrospective analysis of all thyroid FNA performed in children less than 14 years of age over a(More)
INTRODUCTION Archival tissue samples preserved in formalin are a great source of treasure for biomedical research and diagnostics. Formalin, though is a good preservative, causes the modification of nucleic acid limiting the application of fixed tissues. The present study evaluated three methods of RNA extraction for constitutive gene expression and(More)
Coxsackieviral myocarditis is associated with systemic involvement in neonates; however, fulminant coxsackieviral myocarditis is rare in adults, and its dissemination with fatal myocarditis involving kidneys, liver, and adrenal is further rarely reported. We report a case of fulminant myocarditis along with dissemination of coxsackievirus, which was(More)
BACKGROUND Myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) are common causes of morbidity and mortality in children and adults. Recently, the human coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR), a common receptor for coxsackieviruses and adenoviruses, was discovered and its increased expression has been reported in patients with DCM and myocarditis. OBJECTIVE(More)