Uma Lakshmipathy

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We compared the transcriptomes of marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with differentiated adipocytes, osteocytes, and chondrocytes derived from these MSCs. Using global gene-expression profiling arrays to detect RNA transcripts, we have identified markers that are specific for MSCs and their differentiated progeny. Further, we have also identified(More)
Human multipotent mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapies are being tested clinically for a variety of disorders, including Crohn's disease, multiple sclerosis, graft-versus-host disease, type 1 diabetes, bone fractures, and cartilage defects. However, despite the remarkable clinical advancements in this field, most applications still use traditional culture(More)
DNA end-joining was measured by incubating linearized plasmid DNA with mitochondrial protein extracts. A spectrum of end-joined molecules ranging from re-circularized monomer to dimer and higher molecular weight forms was observed. The DNA end-joining reaction required ATP and Mg2+, and was inhibited by sodium chloride. Both cohesive- and blunt-ended DNA(More)
Human multipotent mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapies are currently being tested in clinical trials for Crohn's disease, multiple sclerosis, graft-versus-host disease, type 1 diabetes, bone fractures, cartilage damage, and cardiac diseases. Despite remarkable progress in clinical trials, most applications still use traditional culture media containing(More)
The ability of embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells to differentiate into specific cell types holds immense potential for therapeutic use in cell and gene therapy. Realization of this potential depends on efficient and optimized protocols for genetic manipulation of stem cells. In the study reported here, we demonstrate the use of nucleofection as a(More)
As the number of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) lines increases, so does the need for systematic evaluation of each line's characteristics and potential. Comparisons between lines are complicated by variations in culture conditions, feeders, spontaneous differentiation, and the absence of standardized assays. These difficulties, combined with the(More)
Many of the currently established human embryonic stem (hES) cell lines have been characterized extensively in terms of their gene expression profiles and genetic stability in culture. Recent studies have indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs), a class of noncoding small RNAs that participate in the regulation of gene expression, may play a key role in stem cell(More)
Hamster EM9 cells, which lack Xrcc1 protein, have reduced levels of DNA ligase III and are defective in nuclear base excision repair. The Xrcc1 protein stabilizes DNA ligase III and may even play a direct role in catalyzing base excision repair. Since DNA ligase III is also thought to function in mitochondrial base excision repair, it seemed likely that(More)
OBJECTIVE Human multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have the potential to differentiate into multiple cell types, although little is known about factors that control their fate. Differentiation-specific microRNAs may play a key role in stem cell self-renewal and differentiation. We propose that specific intracellular signaling pathways modulate gene(More)
We provide evidence that the human DNA ligase III gene encodes a mitochondrial form of this enzyme. First, the DNA ligase III cDNA contains an in-frame ATG located upstream from the putative translation initiation start site. The DNA sequence between these two ATG sites encodes an amphipathic helix similar to previously identified mitochondrial targeting(More)