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Regulated exocytosis in neurons and neuroendocrine cells requires the formation of a stable soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complex consisting of synaptobrevin-2/vesicle-associated membrane protein 2, synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25), and syntaxin 1. This complex is subsequently disassembled by(More)
1. The kava-pyrones kawain and dihydromethysticin are constituents of Piper methysticum which exert anticonvulsant, analgesic and anxiolytic properties. 2. In the present study the effect of these kava-pyrones were tested on field potential changes (fp) induced by omission of the extracellular Mg2+, recorded from the area CA1 and CA3 of the hippocampal(More)
Uptake of dioctadecylindocarbocyanine (DiI)-labelled low density lipoproteins (LDL) by peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) from young healthy donors has been characterized by flow cytometric analysis. The receptor positive cells were primarily (greater than 70%) T cells. Saturation and competition studies were performed with freshly isolated PBL as well as(More)
Retrograde traffic between the Golgi apparatus and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is largely mediated by COPI-coated transport vesicles. In mammalian cells, retrograde traffic can pass through an intermediate compartment. Here, we report that the mammalian soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF) attachment receptor (SNARE) proteins mSec22b,(More)
Cajal bodies are nuclear structures that are involved in biogenesis of snRNPs and snoRNPs, maintenance of telomeres and processing of histone mRNA. Recently, the SUMO isopeptidase USPL1 was identified as a component of Cajal bodies that is essential for cellular growth and Cajal body integrity. However, a cellular function for USPL1 is so far unknown. Here,(More)
Kava pyrones extracted from pepper Piper methysticum are pharmacologically active compounds. Since kava pyrones exhibit anticonvulsive, analgesic and centrally muscle relaxing properties, the influence of a synthetic kava pyrone, (+/-)-kavain, on voltage-dependent ion channel currents was studied. Effects of (+/-)-kavain on voltage-activated inward currents(More)
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