Ulrike Weiler

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European domestic pigs are derived from the European wild pig by genetic selection and differ in their muscular-growth ability. Thus, it was the aim of this study to investigate the consequences of genetic selection on muscle composition and fibre size in the gracilis muscle. Fibre typing based on the ATPase reaction revealed that this muscle in wild pigs(More)
The advantages of boars in fattening performance and carcass traits when compared with the other sexes are explained by testicular anabolic hormones. The steroid androstenone with a pronounced urine-like odour is the main objection against boar meat. More recently skatole (faecal odour) has been identified as another contributor to off-odour of pork.(More)
Subretinal implants aim to replace photoreceptor function in patients suffering from degenerative retinal disease like retinitis pigmentosa by topically applying electrical stimuli in the subretinal space. This study—as a last step before upcoming human trials—explored a newly developed surgical technique for permanent implantation of complex subretinal(More)
The boar produces considerable amounts of oestrogens in the Leydig-cells also occurring in semen. Very high oestrogen concentrations are measurable in the fluid of the tubuli, which contribute the main part of seminal oestrogens. Additionally, the accessory sex glands add 22% of the unconjugated oestrogens and 12% of conjugated oestrogens to the ejaculate.(More)
An international study has been conducted in order to determine the respective contributions of androstenone and skatole to boar taint and their possible variations according to production systems and consumer populations. The presentation of the study and the main results concerning skatole and androstenone levels and data from sensory evaluation or(More)
An international study, involving 11 participants in 7 European countries, was conducted to provide scientific evidence for an objective measurement of boar taint in entire male pigs and its possible variation between countries. The specific objectives were to determine the respective contributions of androstenone and skatole to boar taint and their(More)
In the wild pig mating activity is seasonal. The main breeding period is in late autumn but a second period may occur around April. It is known from other species that seasonal variations in breeding activity are mainly regulated by photoperiod. In the domestic pig seasonal influences on prolificacy still exist: for example, AI boars not only show decreased(More)
The epidermal growth factor (EGF) plays a crucial role in mammogenesis in many species. In ruminants, studies are limited, as EGF does not occur in peripheral plasma and specific analytical systems do not exist. Therefore a heterologous radioimmunoassay based on rhEGF was set up to monitor EGF in mammary gland secretions from goats during end-pregnancy and(More)
A functional coupling between bound hexokinase and the inner mitochondrial compartment has been shown. It is based structurally on the binding of hexokinase to a pore protein which is present in zones of contact between the two boundary membranes. The latter was observed by electron microscopic localization of antiporin and hexokinase at the mitochondrial(More)
Osteocalcin is a bone specific protein which is secreted by mature osteoblasts and is measurable in peripheral blood plasma. In growing female pigs (n = 6) osteocalcin was measured in daily blood samples between an age of 125 to 238 days and the values were compared to IGF-I and cortisol. Mean concentrations of osteocalcin were 158 +/- 2.7 ng/ml and the(More)