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The white rot fungus Pycnoporus cinnabarinus was characterized with respect to its set of extracellular phenoloxidases. Laccase was produced as the predominant extracellular phenoloxidase in conjunction with low amounts of an unusual peroxidase. Neither lignin peroxidase nor manganese peroxidase was detected. Laccase was produced constitutively during(More)
The heterotrimeric G-protein complex is minimally composed of Gα, Gβ, and Gγ subunits. In the classic scenario, the G-protein complex is the nexus in signaling from the plasma membrane, where the heterotrimeric G-protein associates with heptahelical G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), to cytoplasmic target proteins called effectors. Although a number of(More)
Lignin peroxidase is generally considered to be a primary catalyst for oxidative depolymerization of lignin by white-rot fungi. However, some white-rot fungi lack lignin peroxidase. Instead, many produce laccase, even though the redox potentials of known laccases are too low to directly oxidize the non-phenolic components of lignin. Pycnoporus cinnabarinus(More)
It was recently shown that the white rot basidiomycete Pycnoporus cinnabarinus secretes an unusual set of phenoloxidases when it is grown under conditions that stimulate ligninolysis (C. Eggert, U. Temp, and K.-E. L. Eriksson, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:1151-1158, 1996). In this report we describe the results of a cloning and structural analysis of the(More)
The phenoxazinone chromophore occurs in a variety of biological systems, including numerous pigments and certain antibiotics. It also appears to form as part of a mechanism to protect mammalian tissue from oxidative damage. During cultivation of the basidiomycete, Pycnoporus cinnabarinus, a red pigment was observed to accumulate in the culture medium. It(More)
The conifer Picea abies (Norway spruce) defends itself against herbivores and pathogens with a terpenoid-based oleoresin composed chiefly of monoterpenes (C(10)) and diterpenes (C(20)). An important group of enzymes in oleoresin biosynthesis are the short-chain isoprenyl diphosphate synthases that produce geranyl diphosphate (C(10)), farnesyl diphosphate(More)
The siliques and seeds of Arabidopsis thaliana accumulate a series of glucosinolates containing an alkyl side chain of varying length with a terminal benzoate ester function. The biosynthesis of these unusual nitrogen- and sulfur-containing natural products was investigated by feeding isotopically-labeled precursors to detached flowering stems.(More)
The white-rot fungus, Pycnoporus cinnabarinus, provides an excellent model organism to elucidate the controversial role of laccase in lignin degradation. P. cinnabarinus produces laccase in one isoform as the predominant phenoloxidase in ligninolytic cultures, and neither LiP nor MnP are secreted. Yet, P. cinnabarinus degrades lignin very efficiently. In(More)
When glucose is the carbon source, the white rot fungus Pycnoporus cinnabarinus produces a characteristic red pigment, cinnabarinic acid, which is formed by laccase-catalyzed oxidation of the precursor 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid. When P. cinnabarinus was grown on media containing cellobiose or cellulose as the carbon source, the amount of cinnabarinic acid(More)
The gene lcc3-2 encoding a second laccase of the white-rot fungus Pycnoporus cinnabarinus has been cloned, sequenced, and characterized. The isolated gene consists of 2840bp, with the coding region interrupted by ten introns and flanked by an upstream region in which putative CAAT and TATA boxes were identified. The cDNA of lcc3-2 contains an open reading(More)